Endangered Species
Midwest Region

 

 

Midwest Region State Map

The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin. Find a location near you

 


Endangered Species Program

Conserving and restoring threatened and endangered species and their ecosystems

 


Great Lake Restoration Initiative logo

Higgins eye pearlymussels.

Higgins eye pearlymussels.

Photo by USFWS

Freshwater Mussels in the Upper Midwest

Endangered and Threatened

Mussels collected from a Missouri river during a survey.

Mussels collected from a Missouri river during a survey.

Photo by USFWS; Rick Hanson

 

About Freshwater Mussels

Tippecanoe River, Indiana

 

May 17, 2012: Celebrate Endangered Species Day, Learn about Endangered Freshwater Mussels in Ohio

 

America's Mussels:  Silent Sentinals


Mussels of the St. Croix River

 

Mussels of the Ohio River

 

The Exotic Zebra Mussel

 

Overlooked Gems: The Benefits of Freshwater Mussels in Wings (Fall 2008): Essays on Invertebrate Conservation, a publication of the Xerces Society.

 

Clubshell(Pleurobema clava)

Status: Endangered

Clubshell Home

 

Cracking pearlymussel (Hemistena lata)

Status: Endangered:
Listed September 28, 1989
(PDF)

Extirpated from the Upper Midwest

 

Curtis' pearlymussel (Epioblasma florentina curtisii)

Status: Endangered:
listed June 14, 1976

 

Natural History, Ecology, and Regulatory Information

Fact sheet
Species' Profile linked to National USFWS Endangered Species website

 

Recovery

5 Year Review Initiated September 21, 2006

Best Management Practices for the Curtis' Pearlymussel (Missouri Department of Conservation) - PDF

 

Fanshell (Cyprogenia stegaria)

Status: Endangered: listed June 21, 1990

Fact sheet

Slideshow: Drought and Heat Take Toll on Tippecanoe River’s Endangered Wildlife

News Release (July 12, 2012): Drought, Heat Take toll on Tippecanoe River's Endangered Wildlife

 

Fat pocketbook (Potamilus capax)

Status: Endangered: listed June 14, 1976

Fact sheet

 

Higgins eye pearlymussel (Lampsilis higginsii)

Status: Endangered listed June 14, 1976

Higgins eye pearlymussel web page

 

Neosho mucket (Lampsilis rafinesqueana)

Status: Endangered

Neosho Mucket Home

 

Northern riffleshell (Epioblasma torulosa rangiana)

Status: Endangered

Northern riffleshell web page

 

Orange-footed pearlymussel (=pimple back) (Plethobasus cooperianus (p. striatus))

Status: Endangered: listed June 14, 1976

Fact sheet

 

Pink mucket (Lampsilis orbiculata (=l. abrupta))

Status: Endangered, listed June 14, 1976

Fact sheet

Life History Information (links goes to FWS National Endangered Species website)

 

Purple cat's paw pearlymussel (Epioblasma obliquata obliquata)

Status: Endangered, listed July 10, 1990 (links to a 5-page PDF)

Purple Cat's Paw Pearlymussel Home

 

Rabbitsfoot (Quadrula cylindrica cylindrica)

Status: Threatened

Rabbitsfoot Midwest webpage

 

Rayed Bean (Villosa fabalis)

Status: Endangered

Rayed Bean webpage

 

Ring pink (=golf stick pearly) (Obovaria retusa)

Status: Endangered

Fact sheet

 

Rough pigtoe (Pleurobema plenum)

Status: Endangered, listed June 14, 1976

Fact sheet

 

Scaleshell (Leptodea leptodon)

Status:  Endangered, listed October 9, 2001

Scaleshell Home

 

Sheepnose (Plethobasus cyphyus)

Status: Endangered

Sheepnose webpage

 

Snuffbox (Epioblasma triquetra)

Status: Endangered

Snuffbox webpage

 

Spectaclecase (Cumberlandia monodonta)

Status: Endangered

Spectaclecase Home

 

Tubercled-blossom pearlymussel (Epioblasma torulosa torulosa)

Status: Endangered

Extirpated from the Upper Midwest

Fact sheet

 

White cat's paw pearlymussel (Epioblasma obliquata perobliqua)

Status: Endangered

Fact sheet

 

Recovery

White Cat's Paw Pearly Mussel 5-Year Review (14-page PDF) - December 2009

• Private Stewardship Grant (May 2007): Reforestation and Wetland Restoration for Permanent Native Habitat in the St. Joseph River Watershed – Hillsdale County, Michigan; Defiance and Williams Counties, Ohio; Allen, Dekalb, and Noble Counties, Indiana – ($45,000*)

 

White wartyback pearlymussel (Plethobasus cicatricosus)

Status: Endangered

Fact sheet

 

Winged maple leaf (Quadrula fragosa)

Status: Endangered, listed June 20, 1991

Winged Mapleleaf Home

 


 

USFWS Midwest Endangered Species Home

 

Last updated: October 10, 2018