Midwest Region - Michigan Field Office Conserving the nature of America

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
in the Midwest

The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin.
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Ecological Services

We work with public and private entities to conserve and restore Michigan's endangered species, migratory birds, wetlands, and other important fish and wildlife resources.


Threatened and Endangered Species Program in Michigan

Protecting and recovering rare and endangered species and the ecosystems that sustain them.


Poweshiek skipperling by David L. Cuthrall

The Poweshiek skipperling is an endangered butterfly of the prairies and prairie fens. Lost from prairies to the west, this butterfly only survives in Oakland county, Michigan and Manitoba, Canada.

Photo courtesy of David. L. Cuthrall


Federally Listed Species in Michigan


Featured Michigan Species

Eastern Massasauga
The eastern massasauga is a small, thick-bodied rattlesnake that lives in shallow wetlands and adjacent uplands in portions of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and Ontario.

Environmental Screening for Eastern Massasauga in Michigan Adobe PDF Icon March 2017

Eastern Massasauga Listed as Threatened (Sept. 29, 2016)

Eastern Massasauga Home


Freshwater Mussels

Michigan Freshwater Mussel Survey Protocols and Relocation Procedures Adobe PDF Icon

Revised May 2019, Version 2

About Freshwater Mussels


Gray Wolf

Due to a Federal court decision, wolves in the western Great Lakes area (including Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin) were relisted under the Endangered Species Act, effective December 19, 2014.

Gray Wolf Home (links to the our Regional Website)


Indiana Bat

The Indiana bat was listed as endangered in 1967 due to episodes of people disturbing hibernating bats in caves during winter, resulting in the death of large numbers of bats. The Indiana bat is particularly vulnerable to human disturbance because the majority of the population hibernates in a small number of caves. Other threats that have contributed to the Indiana bat's decline include commercialization of caves, loss of summer habitat, pesticides and other contaminants, and most recently, the disease white-nose syndrome. Michigan is on the northern edge of the Indiana bat's range.

Project Design Guidelines for Indiana Bat in Michigan Adobe PDF icon

Indiana Bat


Kirtland's Warbler

The Kirtland's warbler, an endangered songbird, nests in young jack pine stands in Michigan, Wisconsin, and Canada. Michigan is the core of its breeding habitat. After decades of partnership efforts, this songbird has rebounded, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has proposed removing the Kirtland's warbler from the list of endangered and threatened species.

In Michigan



Mitchell's Satyr

The Mitchell’s satyr is a very rare butterfly and fen habitat specialist (in northern the portion of its range) that is threatened with the loss and disruption of suitable fen habitats.

Programmatic Safe Harbor Agreement Adobe PDF Icon August 2016

Mitchell's Satyr Home


Northern Long-eared Bat

The northern long-eared bat is listed as threatened due to rapid and dramatic population declines caused by the fungal disease White-nose Syndrome (WNS).

Project Design Guidelines for Northern Long-eared Bat in Michigan Adobe PDF icon

Michigan Northern Long-eared Bat Hibernacula and Roost Tree Locations Adobe PDF Icon Updated July 22, 2016

Northern Long-eared Bat Home

News Release: Protections Finalized for Threatened Northern Long-Eared Bats Jan. 13, 2016


Piping Plover

The piping plover is small shorebird that nests on the shorelines of Lake Michigan and Lake Superior. The population that nests in the Great Lakes region is listed as endangered.

In Michigan

Great Lakes Population


Dwarf lake iris

Dwarf lake iris, a threatened plant, is a miniature iris. In Michigan it grows along the northern shores of Lake Michigan and Lake Huron. Michigan Natural Features Inventory Abstract

Photo by Joel Trick; USFWS

Section 7 Consultation

Section 7 Consultation: the process explained

Step-by-Step S7 Consultation Guide

Information for Planning and Consultation (IPaC) - a project planning tool which streamlines the USFWS environmental review process


Environmental Screening for Eastern Massasauga in Michigan Adobe PDF Icon March 2017

Project Design Guidelines for Indiana Bat in Michigan Adobe PDF icon

Project Design Guidelines for Northern Long-eared Bat in Michigan Adobe PDF icon


Now Available in IPaC: Michigan Federal Endangered Species Determination Key


We have developed a determination key in our Information for Planning and Consultation (IPaC) tool to help streamline review of projects for potential effects to Federally listed threatened and endangered (TE) species and designated critical habitat (CH). Our key is designed as a tool to help Federal agencies and other project proponents decide if their proposed action has the potential to adversely affect TE species and CH and covers certain routine and predictable projects for all species in Michigan. Some projects may be outside the scope of the key. It does not cover wind development, purposeful take (e.g., for research or surveys), communication towers that have guy wires or are over 200 feet in height, or aerial or other large-scale application of any chemical (such as insecticide or herbicide). Activities that fall outside the scope of the key will require additional evaluation and/or consultation outside of the IPaC application; please contact the Michigan Ecological Service Field Office if you have questions.


If your project qualifies for use of the Dkey, you will be prompted to answer questions about your project to help you evaluate the effects of your action on Federally listed species and designated CH. If your completed TE review indicates a "No Effect" (NE) determination for all listed species, print your IPaC output letter for your files to document your compliance with the Endangered Species Act. Although not required, we also request that you send a copy of your NE output letter to the Michigan Ecological Services Field Office at MIFO_Dkey@fws.gov for our internal project tracking and review purposes. For Federal projects with a “Not Likely to Adversely Affect” determination, our concurrence becomes valid if you do not hear otherwise after a 30-day review period, as indicated in your letter. If your output letter indicates additional coordination with the Michigan Ecological Services Field Office is necessary (i.e., you get a “May Affect” determination”), you will be provided additional guidance on contacting the Service to continue ESA coordination outside of the key; ESA compliance cannot be concluded using the key for “May Affect” determinations unless otherwise indicated in your output letter.


Please note that only one assisted determination key may be completed per species for each project. Please carefully review the descriptions of all available determination keys to select the most appropriate key for your project. For instance, federal transportation projects with potential effects to listed bats may be advised to complete the determination key entitled, FHWA, FRA, FTA Programmatic Consultation for Transportation Projects affecting NLEB or Indiana Bat, although the Michigan Determination Key does cover Federal and non-Federal transportation activities. Projects with potential effects to Northern Long-eared Bat (NLEB) ONLY (i.e., no other Federally listed species may be present and affected) or that only wish to evaluate potential effects to NLEB are advised to complete the NLEB Consultation and 4(d) Rule Consistency Determination Key. Projects with unknown or potential effects to multiple Federally listed species in Michigan may find the Michigan Determination Key most useful. Finally, be advised that the Michigan Dkey is intended to assist the user in the evaluating the effects of their actions on Federally listed species in Michigan. It does not authorize any activities that are otherwise prohibited by the Endangered Species Act (e.g., for wildlife: import/export, Interstate or foreign commerce, possession of illegally taken wildlife, etc.; for plants: import/export, reduce to possession, malicious destruction on Federal lands, commercial sale, etc.) or other Federal or state statutes.


For more information, including instructions on how to use IPaC for project review, view this pdf.


Michigan Endangered Species Determination Key Standing Analysis



Recovery in Michigan - Click species names on the Michigan list for information that includes recovery actions

Recovery Plans

Five-Year Reviews

Recovery Program in the Upper Midwest

National Endangered Species Recovery website


Permits and HCPs

Permits can be issued to "take" listed species.

Hine’s Emerald Dragonfly Habitat Conservation Plan - Enbridge Line 5 Pipeline Inspection and Repair

Federal Register (March 11, 2013): Notice of Availability of Draft Habitat Conservation Plan; Receipt of Application for Incidental Take Permit; Enbridge Pipelines (Lakehead), L.L.C. (PDF Adobe PDF icon)

Hine’s Emerald Dragonfly Draft Habitat Conservation Plan; Enbridge Line 5 Pipeline Inspection and Repair (140-page PDF Adobe PDF icon)

Screening Form for Low-effect HCP; Enbridge Line 5 Inspection and Repair (4-page PDF Adobe PDF icon)


Types of permits and how to apply

Michigan Statewide HCP for Karner Blue Butterfly

Michigan Statewide HCP for Mitchell's Satyr Butterfly

HCPs in the Upper Midwest

National HCP website


Michigan Field Office Home