Conserving the Nature of America

The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.

Bald Eagle Conservation

Additional Conservation Measures to Benefit Bald Eagles

The following are additional management practices that can be used to benefit bald eagles. Many of these recommendations are designed to protect and preserve bald eagle habitat.

  1. Protect and preserve potential roost and nest sites by retaining mature trees and old growth stands, particularly within ½ mile from water.
  1. Where nests are blown from trees during storms or are otherwise destroyed by the elements, continue to protect the site in the absence of the nest for up to three (3) complete breeding seasons.  Many eagles will rebuild the nest and reoccupy the site.
  1. To avoid collisions, site wind turbines, communication towers and high voltage transmission power lines away from nests, foraging areas, and communal roost sites. 
  1. Employ industry-accepted best management practices to prevent birds from colliding with or being electrocuted by utility lines, towers and poles.  If possible, bury utility lines in important eagle areas.
  1. Where bald eagles are likely to nest in human-made structures (e.g., cell phone towers) and such use could impede operation or maintenance of the structures or jeopardize the safety of the eagles, equip the structures with either (1) devices engineered to discourage bald eagles from building nests, or (2) nesting platforms that will safely accommodate bald eagle nests without interfering with structure performance.  
  1. Immediately cover carcasses of euthanized animals at landfills to protect eagles from being poisoned.
  1. Do not intentionally feed bald eagles.  Artificially feeding bald eagles can disrupt their essential behavioral patterns and put them at increased risk from power lines, collision with windows and cars, and other mortality factors.
  1. Use pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers, and other chemicals only in accordance with Federal and state laws.
  1. Monitor and minimize dispersal of contaminants associated with hazardous waste sites (legal or illegal), permitted releases, and runoff from agricultural areas, especially within watersheds where eagles have shown poor reproduction or where bio accumulating contaminants have been documented.  These factors present a risk of contamination to eagles and their food sources.

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