Twin Cities Ecological Services Field Office

Midwest Region


Twin Cities Field Office

4101 American Boulevard East
Bloomington, MN 55425
Phone: 952-252-0092
Fax: 952-646-2873
TTY: 1-800-877-8339 (Federal Relay)




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Sprague's Pipit (Anthus spragueii)



Sprague's pipit.  Photo by Greg Lavaty

Photo by Greg Lavaty

The Sprague's pipit has been identified as a candidate species for listing as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act. A candidate species, is a species that has been studied and a determination made that it warrants listing as threatend or endangered, however, its listing has been precluded by higher priority actions.


The Sprague’s pipit is a small bird endemic to the Northern Great Plains and is one of the few bird species endemic to the North American prairie. During the breeding season, Sprague’s pipits prefer large patches of native grassland with a minimum size thought to be about 360 acres (range 170 to 776 acres).


This pipit's breeding range includes most of North Dakota, except for the easternmost counties; northern and central Montana east of the Rocky Mountains; northern portions of South Dakota; and northwestern Minnesota. In Canada, Sprague’s pipits breed in southeastern Alberta, the southern half of Saskatchewan, and in southwest Manitoba. The Sprague’s pipit’s wintering range includes south-central and southeast Arizona, Texas, southern Oklahoma, southern Arkansas, northwest Mississippi, southern Louisiana, and northern Mexico.


Information about the the Sprague's pipit life history and habitat requirements can be found in the Federal Register Notice: 12-Month Finding on a Petition to List Sprague’s Pipit as Endangered or Threatened Throughout Its Range (PDF; Sept. 15, 2010)


More information:

Fish and Wildlife Service's Species Profile


USGS National Biological Information Infrastructure: Sprague's Pipit



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Last updated: February 11, 2016