For Immediate Release:
March 17, 2009
New Report Shows Waterfowl Hunting's Contribution to U.S. Economy, Large Economic Impact in Midwestern States
Waterfowl hunters spent $900 million on a variety of goods and services from food, transportation, guns and decoys to hunting dogs, clothing and other incidental expenses in 2006, according to a new report issued by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. These trip and equipment-related expenditures generated more than $2.3 billion in total economic output for 2006, which resulted in $157 million in federal and state tax revenues, supported more than 27,000 jobs, and generated more than $8.5 million in employment income.
According to the report, The Economic Impact of Waterfowl Hunting in the United States, the majority of waterfowl hunters live in the Mississippi flyway (45 percent); 32 percent live in the Midwestern states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio.
"Waterfowl hunters in the Midwest and across the country provide not only strong financial support to conservation, but to the economy as a whole," said Tom Melius, Midwest Regional Director of the Service. "When economic times are difficult, it is comforting to know that by continuing to participate in the outdoor activities they enjoy, our waterfowlers and other sportsmen and women continue to contribute to good economic health."
The report is an addendum to the 2006 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation. It shows more than 1.3 million people, 16 years of age and older, hunted waterfowl in 2006. Waterfowl hunters represented 10 percent of all hunters, 7 percent of all hunting trip-related expenditures, and 6 percent of all equipment expenditures. According to the report, waterfowl hunters tend to be younger, have higher educational achievements, and are more affluent compared to all hunters.
Below are several summaries of the economic impacts of waterfowl hunting in Midwestern states:
Illinois - 71,000 waterfowl hunters spent more than $55 million on trip and equipment expenditures last year. The industry created 1,067 jobs and had a total economic impact of $82.7 million.
Minnesota - 52,000 waterfowl hunters spent more than $28 million on trip and equipment expenditures. The industry created 653 jobs and had a total economic impact of $43.1 million.
Wisconsin - 66,000 waterfowl hunters spent more that $19 million on trip and equipment expenditures. The industry created 444 jobs and had a total economic impact of $26.2 million.
Missouri - 42,000 waterfowl hunters spent more than $48 million on trip and equipment expenditures. The industry created 1,135 jobs and had a total economic impact of more than $72 million.
"The Service plays a key role providing outdoor recreation opportunities such as hunting," Rowan Gould, acting Director of the Service. "And hunters are critical partners -- in part through their purchase of Federal Duck Stamps and a tax a firearms and ammunition that supports habitat conservation -- for our efforts to conserve wildlife and wetlands for future generations."
The National Survey, conducted every five years, since 1955, is one of the nation's most definitive sources of information concerning wildlife-dependant recreation. The U.S. Census Bureau conducted the survey in two phases. First, a screening interview identified wildlife-related recreationists. The second phase consisted of multiple interviews to collect detailed information on participation and expenditures for U.S. residents 16 years of age and older.
The waterfowl hunting report in addition to the detailed National Survey report, state reports, and other addenda can be downloaded at: http://wsfrprograms.fws.gov/Subpages/NationalSurvey/reports2006.html