Lake Champlain Fish and Wildlife Resources Office
Northeast Region

Fisheries Assistance

The LCFWRO provides assistance to its state partners on a variety of fish and wildlife management programs. The ability to share resources and expertise enhances the opportunity for our agencies to accomplish much more and benefits the fish, wildlife and their habitats.


Stocking Atlantic salmon fry into tributaries to Lake Champlain

USFWS staff from the Lake Champlain Fish and Wildlife Resource Office assist New York Department of Environmental Conservation staff with stocking landlocked Atlantic salmon fry. The fry are stocked into the Boquet, Ausable, and Saranac river watersheds. Fry are stocked into preferable habitat in the upper reaches of the rivers. After the fry spend approximately 2 years in the tributaries were they were stocked they will migrate to Lake Champlain as smolts. The salmon will then mature in the lake and eventually return to the rivers in which they were stocked as fry. Adult returns of salmon are monitored in the Boquet River at the Willsboro Fish Ladder by the NYDEC and USFWS.


Assessing Forage Fish in Lake Champlain

The Lake Champlain Fish and Wildlife Resources Office works in partnership with Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife to monitor the forage base in Lake Champlain. Rainbow smelt and alewife are sampled annually by midwater trawl, gill nets and hydro acoustics to assess abundance and age and growth.  Smelt and alewife are the primary forage of many important species including lake trout and landlocked Atlantic salmon.

Forage Fish

Rainbow smelt, alewife and cisco collected during nighttime trawling on Lake Champlain.

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Assessing American Eel numbers in Lake Champlain

The Service is assisting the province of Québec in monitoring American eel restoration efforts in the Richelieu River by conducting eel surveys on Lake Champlain. The Richelieu River connects northern Lake Champlain to the St. Lawrence River and supported a commercial eel fishery until it was closed in 1998 because harvest dramatically declined. With the construction of fish passage facilities on the river and the stocking of almost 2 million young eels adult eels are now returning to the lake.

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Last updated: February 12, 2015
Lake Champlain Fish and Wildlife Resources Office
Western New England Complex
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