Digest of Federal Resource Laws of Interest to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
African Elephant Conservation Act
African Elephant Conservation Act (16
U.S.C. 4201-4245, 102 Stat. 2318-2323)
-- Title II of P.L. 100-478 includes the following provisions:
- A special fund is authorized to provide assistance to African governments for elephant
research and conservation.
- The Secretary is directed to review existing elephant conservation programs in Africa.
Criteria are established for declaring and removing moratoria on ivory imports from source
countries and from intermediary countries based upon the results of these reviews.
- Import of sport-hunted African elephant trophies is exempted from any moratoria imposed
by the Secretary, but export of raw ivory is prohibited.
- Extensive investigation into elephant conservation and ivory trade is required, with a report
to be submitted to Congress by January 31 of each year.
- Within 8 months of completion of the 8th Conference of the Parties to CITES (by
November 1992), a comprehensive report to Congress is required concerning the effectiveness of
- Criminal and civil penalties and enforcement procedures are defined. Circumstances for
permitting the import and export of ivory are outlined, and rewards may be provided for
- Appropriations are authorized at $5,000,000 annually for five years, through 1993, to carry
out provisions of the Act.
Amendments approved on August 5, 1998, P.L. 105-217 (112 Stat. 911), reauthorized the
Act through 2002.
Amendments approved on January 8, 2002, P.L. 107-111, reauthorized the Act
through 2007 and made the following amendments:
Return to List of Resource Laws
- Limits the amount that the Secretary of the Interior may expend each fiscal
year to pay administrative expenses to 3% or $80,000, which ever is greater.
- Directs the Secretary to convene an advisory group of individuals representing
public and private organizations actively involved in the conservation of
African elephants to assist in carrying out the Act.
- Authorizes the Secretary, to the maximum extent practical, in determining
whether to approve project proposals under the Act, to give consideration
to projects that will enhance sustainable conservation programs to ensure
long-term conservation of such elephants.