Strategic Habitat Conservation
Conserving the Nature of America


Strategic Habitat Conservation

Landscape Conservation Cooperatives

Selecting Species and Conservation Targets

Biological Planning

Conservation Design

Conservation Delivery

Monitoring and Research


Related Information:

FWS Climate Strategy

Science Excellence

Shared Stories and Practices



Biological Planning

SHC begins with biological planning, which involves setting measurable biological objectives, for selected species of fish, wildlife, and plants – our conservation targets. The first step in this process is to select a subset of species that can serve as surrogates for a broader array of biological outcomes, since it is often impractical and inefficient to consider requirements for all species present on a given landscape. This subset of species will represent other species or aspects of the species' environment (e.g., water quality, sagebrush or grasslands, etc.) in conservation designs and strategies. By setting measurable biological objectives, such as population objectives, for this subset of conservation targets, the Service and its partners will be able to carry out conservation actions that benefit a larger group of species of conservation interest . Biological models for these species help us understand what habitat features or other conditions are limiting their populations—preventing them from existing or thriving – so we can target conservation to best address these underlying problems. Working with state wildlife agencies and other partners is critical throughout the biological planning process.


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Additional Resources:

SHC Sharepoint Portal (FWS and DOI employees only)


SHC report cover. Credit: USFWS
SHC Report

SHC report cover. Credit: USFWS
SHC Handbook

Conservation in Transition


Last updated: December 11, 2014

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