U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Forensics Laboratory

Forensics Lab Home
Science Professionals
Agents and Insectors
Students and Educators
Publications and ID Notes
The Feather Atlas
Lab Tour
Lab News
About Us
Contact Us
Site Map

Mountain Zebra Skin. Credit: USFWS

Publications & ID Notes


Dratch, P. A., J. A. Shafer, et al. (1996). "Comparison of Electrophoretic and Chromotographic Methods for Analysis of Deer Haemoglobins." (PDF 123 KB) Animal Genetics 27 (Supplement 2 - A002): 17.

Espinoza, E. O. and J. A. Shafer (1997). "Wildlife Forensic Toxicology:  A Case Study of Flourescent Taggants in Elk." Proceedings of the International Symposium on Forensic Toxicology: 15-19. 

Espinoza, E. O., B. W. Baker, et al. (2007). "The Analysis of Sea Turtle and Bovid Keratin Artefacts Using Drift Sprectroscopy and Discriminant Analysis." (PDF 309 KB) Archaeometry 49(3): 14 pp. 

Espinoza, E. O., J. A. Shafer, et al. (1993). "International Trade in Bear Gallbladders: Forensic Source Inference." (PDF 561 KB) Journal of Forensic Science 38(6): 1361-1368. 

Espinoza, E. O., J. A. Shafer, et al. (1995). The UnBearable Facts about the (Vile) Bile Trade. Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Trade of Bear Parts for Medicinal Use. T. U. C. UN. Baltimore, MD, World Willdlife Fund: 85-93.

Espinoza, E. O., M. A. Kirms, et al. (1996). "Identification and Quantitation of Source from Hemoglobin of Blood and Blood Mixtures by High Performance Liquid Chromatography." (PDF 1,429 KB) Journal of Forensic Science 41(5): 804 - 811. 

Espinoza, E. O., M.-J. Mann, et al. (1994). "Preliminary Forensic Analysis of the Wildlife content of Patented Asian Medicinals." (PDF 477 KB) Baltimore, MD, Traffic USA/CITES, UN. 

Espinoza, E. O., N. C. Lindley, et al. (1999). "Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Blood for Differentation of Species." (PDF 714 KB) Analytical Biochemistry 268: 252 - 261. 

Goddard, K. W. (2005). Veterinary Aspects of Forensic Medicine, Wild Animals. (PDF 574 KB) ENCYCLOPEDIA OF FORENSIC AND LEGAL MEDICINE, Elsevier, Ltd. 1: 344-349.

Hagey, L. R., D. C. Crombie, et al. (1991). "Ursodeoxycholic Acid in Bears, Occurrence, Site of Formation and Biological Significance." Hepatalogy 14: 146A. 

Hagey, L. R., D. L. Crombie, et al. (1993). "Ursodeoxycholic Acid in the Ursidae:  Biliary Bile Acids of Bears, Pandas and Related Carnivores." (PDF 603 KB) Journal of Lipid Research 34(11): 1911-1917. 

Kirms, M. A. and L. M. Kirms (2002). "The Identification of Sodium Fluoroacetate (Compound 1080) Employing NMR Spectroscopy." (PDF 345 KB) Journal of Forensic Science May: 573-577. 


U.S. Department of Interior Logo