Permitting Update: At the eighteenth meeting of the Conference of Parties to CITES, the Appendix-II listing for Rosewood / Dalbergia species was updated. These changes became effective on November 26, 2019. Answers to some of the common questions about how this impacts permiting for these species can be found here.

Forests support a variety of human needs around the world. Tree species are traded internationally primarily as timber, but also for horticulture, traditional medicines and ornamental plants. To ensure that this international trade does not endanger these species, regulations were put in place to monitor and regulate the harvest and trade of woods and other tree products.

Laws & Regulations


Monkey Puzzle Tree
Credit: Duncan Brown, CC-BY 2.0

Many species of trees are listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), with species listed in each Appendix based on their conservation status.

Some woods that are commonly traded, such as bigleaf mahogany, are listed in CITES Appendix II. Some trees, such as the monkey-puzzle tree and Guatemalan fir, are listed in Appendix I and therefore commercial trade is prohibited.

For additional information on tree species are listed under CITES, visit the CITES Species Database.

The Parties have adopted a resolution on CITES and timber species. The Parties agreed that before introducing a proposal to list a tree species under CITES, the proposing country should consult with other international organizations that deal with timber and forestry issues. They also agreed that any proposal to include timber in Appendix II or III should indicate what parts and derivatives of that species will be regulated.

For information on importing or exporting CITES listed tree species, including Mahogany, visit our Branch of Permits page.

For older articles and reports on timber, visit Archives page.