Chiricahua leopard frog habitat in Sycamore Canyon west of Nogales, Arizona. Credit: Jim Rorabaugh/USFWS
Chiricahua leopard frogs occur in the mountains of central and east-central Arizona into west-central New Mexico, and also in the mountains and high valleys of southeastern Arizona, the bootheel of southwestern New Mexico, and south through western Chihuahua and northeastern Sonora, Mexico (see map).
Historically the Chiricahua leopard frog occurred in a variety of wetland habitats, but is now restricted primarily to stock tanks and other man-made waters, as well as headwater streams, ciénegas (mid-elevation wetland communities often surrounded by arid environments), and springs that lack introduced predators.
As of 2007, the species was believed to be absent from 82-84% of its historical sites and numerous mountain ranges, valleys, and drainages within its former range. In areas where it is still present, populations are often small, widely scattered, and occupy marginal and unstable habitats.