FWS Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Response
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The "Spill" on the Spill by Jack Bohannan, Refuge manager at Delta, Breton and Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuges in Southeast Louisiana


Watch "The Path of the Oil Spill: Breton" featuring Jack. Video is also available on our YouTube channel.


Jack standing in USFWS attire on Breton Island

Jack Bohannon on Breton Island. Photo: Tom MacKenzie, USFWS.

Jack wading in stomach-deep water, grinning broadly

Sometimes, you have to get your feet wet! Jack wading in oil-free water at Breton Island in May. Photo: Greg Thompson, USFWS.

Oil operations and the challenges that go with them are the part of the job when you work on refuges along the Gulf Coast. In fact, when the news broke about the Deepwater Horizon disaster, my staff and I were dealing with a 500-barrel spill in the heart of Delta Refuge caused by a spud barge striking a 10-inch pipeline. What’s happening now, however, is a whole new ballgame.

With the Deepwater Horizon accident, our first thoughts were for the people lost and missing from the rig and the heartache endured by their families in this tragedy.  Our second thoughts were that we knew from experience how much work was in store for those who had to deal with the spill itself.  Within a matter of days, as the potential reach of the spill became more apparent, we found ourselves at the center of that workload.  We’ve been at it full-bore ever since as part of the unified, multi-agency response to the disaster.

The hardest part of working this spill is the unknown.  We don’t know exactly how much oil has actually been released into the Gulf, we don’t know where exactly it will go, and we don’t know how much impact it will have on the resources entrusted to our care. Dealing with the unknown is probably the biggest source of fatigue, greater even than the long days of arduous work. It’s just always on your mind from the minute you wake up in the morning until your head hits the pillow at night.

The spill has occurred at a critical time for the nesting shorebirds and seabirds on Breton National Wildlife Refuge, which is composed of a chain of islands.  The Refuge is still recovering from the impacts of the 2005 hurricane season and other weather events, so protecting birds and their nests is mission-critical. Our primary nesting sites for brown pelicans are North Breton Island, where we’ve got newly hatched pelicans in 1,300 nests; and New Harbor West Island, where we have another 500 nests with juvenile birds.  In addition, terns, black skimmers, and laughing gulls start nesting in May on the Refuge and continue through the summer months.

We have been working feverishly to protect these Refuge islands from the oil’s encroachment through the strategic placement of the most effective and available type of boom suited for this kind of offshore environment. Our primary job is to protect the wildlife in this catastrophe, and that requires a lot of coordination with other agencies trying to carry out their own missions. We make sure that the needs of wildlife aren’t overlooked as the disaster response moves forward in highly uncertain conditions. With the number of people and amount of activity underway, we’ve had to close the Refuge as a means of protecting the nesting birds from disturbance.

We are monitoring the islands and the birds constantly, working the State of Louisiana and others.  Because we know the waters along the Gulf Coast and in the Mississippi River so well, we’ve had a big role to play in ensuring that other members of the joint response to the spill navigate safely as they carry out their missions, including putting the boom in place. Changes in the weather can make the job dangerous.  You can head out in good weather, and find yourself returning home in bad weather. There is also ship traffic to deal with, and nothing prepares you to deal with all this except experience.    

When I hired on with the Fish and Wildlife Service, I just thought I’d be outside every day.  It became very clear in a short period of time that this wasn’t the case. Right now, in this disaster, it feels good to be out there with the resource all day long. What doesn’t feel good is why I’m out there.  But I have to stay, I wouldn’t want to be anywhere else at this moment in time, and I know others on my staff feel the same way.  We are doing everything we possibly can to protect the refuges and the wildlife resources we have here. 

What keeps us all going as Fish and Wildlife Service people is the depth of our commitment to the resources themselves. The oil keeps on coming; but we will not give up and we will not give in. There is too much at stake. Despite the hardship of being away from home and family for long periods of time, I know what we are doing really matters.
Last updated: October 15, 2010