U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Landscape Conservation Cooperatives

Metadata also available as


Originator: US FWS
Publication_Date: 20111220
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Landscape Conservation Cooperatives
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Publication_Place: USA
Publisher: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Online_Linkage: <http://www.fws.gov/GIS/data/national/FWS_LCC.zip>
Landscape conservation cooperatives (LCCs) are conservation-science partnerships between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and other federal agencies, states, tribes, NGOs, universities and stakeholders within a geographically defined area. They inform resource management decisions to address national-scale stressors-including habitat fragmentation, genetic isolation, spread of invasive species, and water scarcity-all of which are accelerated by climate change.
LCCs provide scientific and technical support for conservation at "landscape" scales-the entire range of an identified priority species or groups of species. They support biological planning, conservation design, prioritizing and coordinating research, and designing species inventory and monitoring programs. LCCs also have a role in helping partners identify common goals and priorities to target the right science in the right places for efficient and effective conservation. By functioning as network of interdependent units rather than independent entities, LCC partnerships can accomplish a conservation mission no single agency or organization can accomplish alone.
For further information go to <http://www.fws.gov/science/shc/lcc.html> Collectively, LCCs will comprise a seamless national network supporting landscapes capable of sustaining abundant, diverse and healthy populations of fish, wildlife and plants. They will provide a strong link between science and conservation delivery without duplicating existing partnerships or creating burdensome and unnecessary bureaucracy. Science-based recommendations and decision-support tools produced by LCCs will be readily transferable to field offices that implement on-the-ground actions. Rather than create a new conservation infrastructure from the ground up, LCCs build upon explicit biological management priorities and objectives, and science available from existing partnerships, such as fish habitat partnerships, migratory bird joint ventures and flyway councils, as well as species- and geographic-based partnerships. LCCs support adaptive resource management by evaluating implementation of conservation strategies, maintaining and sharing information and data, and improving products as new information becomes available. Shared data platforms serve multiple purposes, including the collaborative development of population/habitat models under alternative climate scenarios to inform spatially explicit decision support for all partners. Decision-support systems and products developed by LCCs not only help determine the most effective conservation actions to support shared priorities, but also provide tools to compare and contrast the implications of management alternatives. In the face of accelerated climate change and other 21st-century conservation challenges, LCCs will regularly evaluate the effectiveness of scientific information and conservation actions and support necessary adjustments as new information becomes available. This iterative process of information sharing will help scientists and resource managers deal with uncertainties on the landscape and provide tools to compare and contrast the implications of management alternatives. LCCs were created from Geographic Areas. See <http://www.fws.gov/science/shc/index.html> for further information. This layer was created through a union of the Bird Conservation Region (BCR) layer and the Freshwater Ecoregions layer (FEOW). The purpose of this union was to retrieve some of the linework and attributes from the FEOW layer. Some linework from the FEOW layer was used to split some BCRs in order to accommodate high priority aquatic areas. It was also decided to union in the "Mid Atlantic" Hydrographic Unit Code (HUC) Region (Level 2) into this dataset so we could use the actual topographic boundary between the Mid-Atlantic Region (including the James and Chesapeake) from the South-Atlantic Gulf Region (including the Chowan-Roanoake) to split the Atlantic coast area. This was used instead of the FEOW boundary in this area because it diverged from the topographic boundary. After the edits were made by the mapping sub-group, this layer had the multi-part to single-part tool run on it and all polygons that had a BCR = 0 were deleted. These polygons were either the sliver polygons that were created where the FEOW and the BCR coast lines differed or FEOW polygons from areas not in North America. This was done to clean up the dataset. It also allowed the Team to select and classify the many small island polygons along the coast that were accidentally dropped out during the quick group editing process. “Gulf Coast Prairie” was updated to extend further east, Sept. 16, 2009. Names for several geographic areas were changed. “Insular Pacific-Hawaii” became “Pacific Islands,”” Northern Great Plains” became “Plains and Prairie Potholes,”” Northern Rockies” became “Great Northern” to comply more closely with LCC names. Changed Oct 7, 2009. The Geographic Area "South Pacific" was changed to "California"; "Northern Interior Forest" was changed to "Northwestern Interior Forest" and "Northern Atlantic" was changed to "North Atlantic". The “Pacific Islands” area was enlarged to include the new area identified by the regional climate change group. All edits were vetted through the FWS National Climate Team. November 12, 2009. Changes in geographic area names have been approved by LCC Coordinators Teresa Woods (“Eastern Tallgrass Prairie” is now “Eastern Tallgrass Prairie and Big Rivers”), Bob Ford (“South Florida” is now “Peninsular Florida”), Kathy Granillo (“Southern Great Plains” is now “Great Plains”) and Laverne Smith (“Northern Alaska” is now “Arctic”) on December 7, 2009. "Gulf Coast Plain and Ozarks" Geographic Area/LCC name changed to "Gulf Coastal Plains and Ozarks" (authorized by R4 Bill Uihlein - Interim Coordinator), "Arctic Plains and Mountains" Geographic Area name/LCC changed to "Arctic" (authorized by Phillip Martin - R7 Interim Coordinator), Dec 23, 2009. Data correction - added “Great Lakes” area to “Upper Midwest and Great Lakes” geographic area (authorized by Dan Ash (Science Advisor), John Wenburg (Acting Deputy Science Advisor) and Teresa Woods (R3 Interim LCC Coordinator)), Jan 6, 2010. Changed “Arctic” LCC to include entire Arctic Geographic Area (authorized by LaVerne Smith (R7 Science Applications ARD), Phillip Martin (R7 Interim LCC Coordinator), and John Wenburg (Acting Deputy Science Advisor)). Removed “Upper Midwest and Great Lakes” LCC. Combined Geographic Areas and LCC dataset into one layer of information and removed references to those LCCs that have FWS operational plans to make the datasets more generic and to conform to the current maps on the FWS and DOI websites (authorized by Chris Lett, John Wenburg, and David Eisenhauer, April 15, 2010.) Caribbean LCC added December 18, 2011, compiled from United Stated Exclusive Economic Zone around Puerto Rico, approved by Doug Austen, National LCC Coordinator, on December 14, 2011.
Calendar_Date: 20111220
Time_of_Day: unknown
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Progress: Planned
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.000000
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.000000
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 83.148084
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -15.422167
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
landscape conservation cooperatives, fish and wildlife service, partnerships, conservation
Access_Constraints: None
Inherent in any data set used to develop graphical representations, are limitations of accuracy as determined by, among others, the source, scale and resolution of the data. While the USFWS makes every effort to represent the data as completely and accurately as possible (given existing time and resource constraints), the USFWS gives no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of these data. In addition, the USFWS shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained in. Graphical representations provided by the use of this data do not represent a legal description of any kind.
Contact_Organization: US Fish and Wildlife Service
Contact_Position: National GIS Coordinator
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 755 Parfet St, Ste 215
City: Lakewood
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80226
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-275-2348
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog

Attribute_Accuracy_Report: Not available
Logical_Consistency_Report: Not Available
Completeness_Report: Not Available
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Not Available

Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: G-polygon
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 23

Latitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224
Altitude_Resolution: 0.000100
Explicit elevation coordinate included with horizontal coordinates

Entity_Type_Label: FWS_LCC
Attribute_Label: FID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute_Label: area_names
Attribute_Definition: Name of the Landscape Conservation Cooperative
Attribute_Label: BCR_number
Attribute_Definition: Number of the BCR the Geographic Area/LCC name was created from
Attribute_Label: Area_Num
Attribute_Definition: Arbitrary number for mapping
Attribute_Label: Shape_Leng
Attribute_Label: Shape_Area
Attribute_Definition: Area of feature in internal units squared.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Unrepresentable_Domain: Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.

Contact_Organization: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS), R9, IRTM, BDSS
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Address: IRTM - BCT
Address: PO Box 25207 - DFC.
City: Lakewood
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80225-0207
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Transfer_Size: 5.089
Network_Resource_Name: <http://www.fws.gov/GIS/data/national/FWS_LCC.zip>

Metadata_Date: 20100415
Contact_Organization: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS),R9, IRTM, BDSS
Contact_Position: National GIS Coordinator
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Address: IRTM - BCT
Address: PO Box 25207 - DFC.
City: Denver
State_or_Province: Colorado
Postal_Code: 80225-0207
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-275-2348
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: fwsgis@fws.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

Generated by mp version 2.9.6 on Wed Dec 21 09:04:40 2011