Endangered Species Program
Conserving the Nature of America

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Eastern Indigo Snake (03:00)
Partner: Zoo America


The Eastern Indigo Snake is the largest non-venomous snake in North America. It grows to a length of 5 to 7 feet and feeds on mice, small rats, birds, frogs, toads, and other small animals. In 1978, the Eastern Indigo Snake was listed as a threatened species due to habitat loss. Indigo snakes can live in a variety of habitats, but in many cases they depend vitally on the Gopher Tortoise, whose burrows they use for shelter. The Eastern Indigo Snake lives in the Southeastern United States and ranges from the Florida Keys to the extreme southern portions of South Carolina and Alabama.

Last updated: April 7, 2011