Endangered Species
Ecological Services

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Texas Blind Salamander in the Edwards Aquifer
Partners: U.S. Fish and Widlife Service / Southwest Region, Texas Parks & Wildlife Department, Edwards Aquifer Authority, and others
Produced by: Joe Furman


The Texas blind salamander (Typhlomolge rathbuni) was one of the first species ever listed for endangered species protection. It is very rare, and dwells underwater in caves near San Marcos. It is called the blind salamander as it has no eyes, just two black dots under its skin. Water pollution and habitat degradation are the reasons for its decline.

This is the first video of the Texas blind salamander ever filmed in the wild.

Last updated: May 1, 2013