U S Fish and Wildlife Service
BMO: Branch of Economics
BMO
 
Kodiak brown bears are a distinct subspecies from mainland brown bears; they have been isolated on the archipelago since the last ice age, about 12,000 years ago. A rich variety of vegetation, salmon, and berries provide ideal habitat for bears, and their population flourishes - estimated at about 3,000 bears within the boundaries of the Kodiak Refuge.|U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Kodiak brown bears are a distinct subspecies from mainland brown bears; they have been isolated on the archipelago since the last ice age, about 12,000 years ago. A rich variety of vegetation, salmon, and berries provide ideal habitat for bears, and their population flourishes - estimated at about 3,000 bears within the boundaries of the Kodiak Refuge.|U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Wildlife Watching in the U.S.: The Economic Impacts on National and State Economies

Addendum to the National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation

“Wildlife watching’s continued popularity gives evidence to the importance that people attach to diverse, accessible, and robust fish and wildlife populations.”

Wildlife Watching 2011 Wildlife Watching, 2011

“To help place the $54.9 billion on wildlife-watching expenditures into context, this total would rank 44th on the 2011 Fortune 500 list (2011 revenue), just ahead of Dow Chemical and MetLife and just behind Microsoft (at $62.5 billion).”

Wildlife Watching 2006 Wildlife Watching, 2006

“Expenditures on wildlife watching are equivalent to the amount of revenue from all spectator sports (football, baseball, and other sports), all amusement parks and arcades, casinos (except casino hotels), bowling centers, and skiing facilities.”

Wildlife Watching 2001 Wildlife Watching, 2001

“The total industrial output of $95.8 billion resulted in 1,027,833 jobs (full and part time) with total wages and salaries of $27.8 billion.”

Wildlife Watching 2001 Wildlife Watching, 1996

“Total direct expenditures by participants was $29.2 billion in 1996. Trip-related expenditures accounted for about $9.4 billion (32.3 percent of total expenditures). Food and drink accounted for 36.5 percent of total trip-related expenditures and transportation and lodging accounted for 31.2 and 20.2 percent, respectively.”