Pacific Southwest RegionCalifornia, Nevada and Klamath Basin
Save future generations of seabirds
Seabird Protection Network North Coast Chapter working to protect and restore seabird populations in northern California through local volunteer assistance
In addition to human disturbance, there are other threats to seabirds. Seen here, a bald eagle carries away a common murre in its talons. Bald eagles are a consistent predator of murres up in Oregon, but per Leisyka Parrott, interpretive specialist for the Bureau of Land Management's Arcata office, it is a new development in Trinidad, California. The most common non-human threat is ravens stealing eggs and harassing the colonies. Credit: Russ Namitz/BLM
By John Heil
June 8, 2021
The North Coast Chapter of the Seabird Protection Network continues to make a difference in in the future of seabirds. Volunteers are all set this spring and summer in Trinidad, California, to assist with Community Science which includes collecting scientific data that identifies current or potential disturbances to nesting seabirds, including cormorants, murres and gulls.
Using U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service funding secured from the Natural Resources Damage Assessment process from two oil spills in Humboldt Bay in 1997 and 1999, the chapter was established in 2016 and this breeding season (April-August) will be the chapters fifth year of monitoring human disturbances such as recreation in areas around seabird nesting habitat.
Community Science includes collecting scientific data that identifies current or potential disturbances to nesting seabirds, including cormorants, murres, and gulls. Credit: BLM
One of the current and past volunteers is Bruce Hales, a Star Seabird monitor. “I've always enjoyed observing all wildlife and in particular birds, and would have liked to have a career studying them, but for various reasons, that never happened,” he said. “When I discovered there was a local citizen scientist observation of seabirds program, I figured here was an opportunity where I could take the skills I’ve acquired from a lifetime of amateur observation and apply them to a meaningful scientific endeavor.
“The most interesting part of this program is that in going out to specific spots on a regular basis and recording what you see, you get to witness the incremental changes that happen over time. Seeing the same birds week after week, building nests, sitting on eggs, hatching chicks, watching them feed and grow and finally fledge seems to give me a personal stake in this natural process and do what I can to make sure it continues. And it's not just with the birds, but with the coastal environment in general. Changing weather, changing ocean conditions, and even the changing road conditions on Scenic Drive accessing the survey sites tends to give a person a sense of, or a connection to a place."
The California Coastal National Monument is the third largest habitat for seabirds, such as this common murre colony on one of the rocky islands along the coast at Trinidad, California. Credit: Roy W. Lower/USFWS
The North Coast Chapter joins the Seabird Protection Network’s existing chapters in central and Southern California, coordinated by the Greater Farallones National Marine Sanctuary.
“Our goal is a network that spans from the Oregon border, south to the Mendocino coastline,” said Leisyka Parrott, interpretive specialist for the Bureau of Land Management’s Arcata office.
“I feel like the timing is ripe for the North Coast Chapter of the Seabird Protection Network, and I am happy to be a part of it,” said Leisyka Parrott, of the Bureau of Land Management's Arcata Field Office. Photo courtesy of Rachael Hatchett/Jacoby Creek School
Parrott is currently an environmental educator in a related program in Trinidad known as Hands on the Land that connects students, teachers, families and volunteers with public lands. The BLM uses the California Coastal National Monument as an outdoor classroom by leading tidepool, kayaking and seabird watching field trips.
Each field trip includes classroom learning from a place-based curriculum developed by local educators in the Trinidad area. In collaboration with local partners and tribes, the classroom in Trinidad has over 5,000 students annually participating in these programs.
“I lead field trips with students from all over Humboldt County, and I will tell you their whole ‘being’ lights up when they see a common murre nesting through the spotting scope,” Parrott said. “I feel like the timing is ripe for the North Coast Chapter of the Seabird Protection Network, and I am happy to be a part of it.”
The Service and BLM are not the only agencies to be thrilled about the development of the chapter. Partners include the Audubon Society, Trinidad Coastal Land Trust, Trinidad Museum, Trinidad Rancheria, Yurok Tribe, Humboldt State University and many others.
California's accessible north coast seabird habitat is vulnerable to potential human disturbances that include kayaking, fishing boats, low flying airplanes, drones, human movement on low tide or climbing rocks. Credit: Bob Wick/BLM
The partnerships are important, as “the best place to view the California Coastal National Monument and monitor seabirds is from land that is managed by local and state agencies,” Parrott said. “This incorporates so many different partners which is always powerful. We are really pleased to provide this seed money and hopefully it expands.”
According to Parrott, the work the partnership agencies and the public will do is critical as the common murre needs to breed successfully to contribute to population increases. Trinidad seabirds like most seabirds typically spend most of their life at sea and only come to coastal rocks to breed. The common murre colonies in Trinidad include Pilot Rock, Blank Rock, Flatiron Rock, Green Rock and White Rock.
The goal will be to set up training for the public with standardized methods for human disturbance monitoring in order to identify where is the best place to monitor them, and identify specific areas where disturbances take place.
The California Coastal National Monument is the third largest habitat for seabirds, such as this common murre colony on one of the rocky islands along the coast at Trinidad, California. Credit: USFWS
“For example, seabirds flying off or flushing from their breeding colony and exposing their eggs and chicks would indicate a high level of disturbance,” said Shannon Brinkman, former Service biologist for the Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office, who studied Brandt’s cormorants in northern California for her Master’s thesis.”
Potential disturbances could include kayaking, fishing boats, low flying airplanes, drones, human movement on low tide or climbing rocks.
The goal of the North Coast Chapter will be to develop outreach, education, and interpretation relevant to the human disturbance taking place in Trinidad. These products would be shared with the public through various avenues such as brochures, flyers, signage, face-to-face meetings, discussions on the beach, etc.
The value to the public is endless as bird watchers generated more than a $100 billion in total industry output, including 666,000 jobs nationwide (ref: http://farallones.noaa.gov/eco/seabird/).
A 2011 survey produced by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service estimates $13 billion in local, state and federal tax revenue in the U.S. Additionally, bird watchers spend annually 3.1 million days birding along the Central California coast and ocean. The Trinidad area is the third most important seabird nesting area in California behind Castle Rock and the Farallones.
Other seabirds to benefit from the outreach and education include: brandt’s cormorant, pelagic cormorant, double-crested cormorant, pigeon guillemot, leach’s storm-petrel, fork-tailed storm-petrel (cavity nesters), western gulls and the federally threatened marbled murrelet.
Citizen Science field training in Trinidad, California with Russ Namitz from the BLM (pictured in front) on May 26. Credit: Leisyka Parrott/BLM
“Human disturbance at seabird nesting colonies, such as common murre colonies off Trinidad, can have direct effects on the nesting success of individual seabirds, as well as longer term consequences for the persistence of these colonies,” said Bill McIver, Service ecologist for the Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office. “The North Coast Seabird Protection Network project will address human disturbance to breeding seabird colonies near Trinidad, with the goal of enhancing the recovery of these seabird populations injured by previous oil spills along the north coast.”
The small coastal hamlet of Trinidad is a great place to view and photograph the rocks and islands of the 1,100 mile long California Coastal National Monument. This unique area encompasses many of the state’s offshore rocks and islets and stretches from Oregon to Mexico and is especially photogenic with pocket beaches and numerous seastacks home to some of California’s largest nesting seabird colonies. Credit: Bob Wick/BLM
Since 2016, the North Coast Chapter continues to grow, establishing a very successful community science program. In 2019, a total of 34 community scientists volunteered 579 hours toward seabird population monitoring, educational outreach and recording disturbance events.
For more information go to: Seabird Protection Network - North Coast | Bureau of Land Management (blm.gov)
About the writer...
John Heil serves as the deputy assistant regional director for external affairs in the Pacific Southwest Region headquarters in Sacramento, California.
An avid sports fan and boogie boarder he also enjoys the outdoors and all that wildlife has to offer. John is also an U.S. Air Force veteran and spent part of his career overseas as a television and radio broadcaster.
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