A 450-year-old oak tree in the San Joaquin Valley. Photo by Jon Myatt/USFWS

A 450-year-old valley oak tree in Calaveras County, California. Photo: Jon Myatt/USFWS

Science Applications

The goal of the Service's Science Applications initiative is to strengthen the Service's tradition of scientific excellence in the conservation of fish, wildlife, plants and their habitat. We will accomplish this by:

• Expanding our capacities to acquire apply and communicate scientific information.
• Promoting active involvement of the Service and our employees in the larger scientific community.
• Strengthening partnerships between the Service and other scientific organizations; and
• Growing the next generation of Service scientists.

This site will maintain information on implementation of the Science Applications initiative and related matters.

Strategic Habitat Conservation

Strategic Habitat Conservation is an adaptive resource management framework that applies lessons learned from past management actions when doing conservation planning for the future. It has five key elements: biological planning, conservation design, conservation delivery, monitoring and research.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Strategic Habitat Conservation Homepage

Surrogate Species

The large number of species with which the Service and our partners work makes creating landscape-scale conservation plans on a species-by-species basis impractical. We are developing a process to collaboratively identify "surrogate species" that represent other species or aspects of their environment. Conserving habitat for these surrogate species can, at the same time, address the needs of a larger group of species. This is a practical step in using the SHC approach and the best-known science to conserve landscapes supporting multiple species. Selected surrogate species will be used as the basis for conservation planning efforts within a landscape or geographic area. Learn more about Service efforts involving the use of surrogate species here.

Collaborative Landscape Conservation

Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs) are self-directed science and conservation planning partnerships that provide shared science capacity to inform resource management actions addressing climate change and other processes operating on broad landscape scales.

Landscape Conservation Design

For practitioners looking to develop, facilitate, or participate in a landscape conservation design (LCD) process, the Recommended Practices for Landscape Conservation Design guide can serve as a reference and springboard for implementing broad-scale, multi-species conservation; enhancing collaboration; sharing data across regions and states; incorporating human dimensions into the landscape; and more. The guide covers five major themes — initiating LCD, convening stakeholders and framing the design, assessing current and future desired conditions, spatial design and strategy design. Each section of the document describes vetted practices; provides resources for further information; and presents a case study where the practices have been implemented.

Climate Change

Changing climate is accelerating threats to our wildlife and natural systems like habitat loss and water scarcity, making it all the more important that we work together to conserve America's natural heritage for the future.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Climate Change Homepage
Pacific Southwest Region Climate Change Homepage

Science Policy

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is committed to using sound science in its decision-making and to provide the American people with information of the highest possible quality. Visit our peer-review page for more on what we're doing to ensure the quality and credibility of the scientific information we distribute.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Science Information Quality Homepage

Scientific Code of Professional Conduct for the Service - 212 FW 7

Peer Review

Peer Review of Region 8 Scientific Information

Science Support

The Science Applications Program plays a key role in providing science support to other Service programs in the Pacific Southwest Region. The program coordinates closely with the U.S. Geological Survey, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and other organizations to acquire, synthesize and share science information that land resource managers need to be effective.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife/USGS Science Support Partnership Home

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Scientific Journals


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