may be defined as those species that were present when the first Europeans
arrived in the New World. Because they are well adapted to local climate
and soil types, native plants require
less maintenance such as trimming, watering and fertilizer applications.
The most beneficial plants are those species that are native to your
particular region or state. This ultimately saves time, labor and
money. By planting native plants at home, we can reduce the amount
of nutrients and chemicals running off our yards and gardens into
local waterways, helping to improve water quality.
particular combination of food, water, cover and nesting sites each living creature needs to
survive. Forests, meadows and wetlands are rapidly being converted
to other uses to accommodate the growing number of people. Whether
developed for homes or businesses, the result is the same: wildlife
habitat is lost. We can help to restore wildlife habitat one backyard
at a time. Backyard habitats provide safe havens within which animals can live and wander. We can provide food and cover by planting a variety
of locally native plants. Nesting boxes and sources of water also
provide habitat components critical for wildlife.
combination of biological, physical and chemical methods to control
pests. IPM offers a variety of choices to manage pests. Many natural
and biological controls exist. IPM includes proper identification
of pests, using beneficial insects and other animals to get rid of
undesirable pests, use of organic pesticides and careful and directed
pesticide use. While IPM does not totally eliminate chemical pesticides,
it can reduce the volume used on the land. This approach minimizes
impacts on wildlife, local water quality, and the Chesapeake Bay.
Chesapeake Bay Watershed:
the total land area that drains to the Bay. More than 64,000 square miles of land drain into the Chesapeake Bay and its many tributaries. The Chesapeake Bay watershed stretches across six states - New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia and West Virginia - and the District of Columbia.
--see a map of the watershed--
--is your county in the watershed?--
June 28, 2011