Ecological Services in the Caribbean
Oficina de Servicios Ecológicos del Caribe -- Southeast Region
Map of the Southeast Region Map of Kentucky Map of the Caribbean and Navassa Map of North Carolina Map of Tennessee Map of South Carolina Map of Arkansas Map of Louisiana Map of Mississippi Map of Alabama Map of Georgia Map of Florida

Endangered Species

We work to protect and recover threatened and endangered species, and to conserve at risk species so that listing under the ESA does not become necessary. We use a variety of tools in partnership with federal agencies, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands Government, municipal governments, private landowners, and other citizens to conserve listed and at-risk species.

Pre Listing:

Candidate species are species for which there is enough information to indicate that listing as threatened or endangered is warranted, but preparing a listing proposal is precluded by other, higher priority listing activities.

The focus of the Candidate Conservation program is to evaluate at-risk species and to work with partners to conserve these species so they do not decline to the point where they need to be listed under the ESA.


Through the Listing Program, the Service determines whether or not designating a species as threatened or endangered and an area as critical habitat under the Endangered Species Act are warranted.

Once listed as threatened or endangered, species receive the full benefit of the Endangered Species Act such as restrictions against taking, transporting or selling listed species; protection from adverse effects of Federal activities; and development and implementation of recovery plans.

There are 78 listed species for Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands:


Section 7 of the ESA requires federal agencies to use their existing authorities to conserve threatened and endangered species and, in consultation with the Service, to ensure that their actions do not jeopardize listed species or destroy or adversely modify their critical habitat. For more information about consultation under the Endangered Species Act, visit the FWS National Consultation web page.

For more information please visit the link to Project Evaluations.


The ultimate goal of the Endangered Species Program is to recover listed species to a point where they have become secure, self-sustaining components of their ecosystems and no longer need protection by the Act. A cornerstone of the recovery process is to understand and remove the threats to listed species. Recovery Plans are the guiding documents that gather our most up-to-date knowledge of the species, and outlines a course of action.

Critical Habitat:

We designated critical habitat for two species: catesbaea melanocarpa and >the Guajon coqui, eleutherodactylus cooki.


For information on Permits for Native Species visit us at:

For more information:


Last updated: May 23, 2014