The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service and its partners manage migratory birds based largely on routes the birds follow as they migrate between nesting and wintering areas.
Based on those routes, four administrative Flyways (Atlantic, Mississippi, Central and Pacific) were established in North America to facilitate management of migratory birds and their habitats. Each flyway has a Council, consisting of representatives from each state, provincial, and territorial agency within that Flyway. The Councils are advised by Flyway technical committees consisting of biological staff from their member agencies. The technical committees evaluate population and habitat information and make recommendations to the Councils on matters of migratory bird conservation.
Within each Flyway, the USFWS has a Flyway Representative and assistant who work with the Flyway Council and their technical committees to share information and develop management recommendations.
To obtain more information about each flyway, please visit the links below.
Shape files and other data (for GIS applications) that are associated with the Flyway Boundaries map.
The Atlantic Flyway Council is composed of the states of Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia; the Canadian territory of Nunavut and provinces of Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, and Quebec; plus the U.S. territories of Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
The Atlantic Flyway Council contains representatives (usually administrators) from all the agencies that have management responsibility for migratory bird resources in the Flyway.
The Council determines actions required for sound migratory game bird management and makes recommendations to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Upcoming Meetings/Events of Interest(26.6KB)
Administratively, the Mississippi Flyway is composed of the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, and Wisconsin,and the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario.
The Mississippi Flyway Council was organized in 1952 and contains representatives (usually agency administrators) from these state agencies (and often provincial representatives from Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Ontario) that have management responsibility for migratory bird resources in the Flyway. The Council was established to coordinate the management of migratory game birds in the Mississippi Flyway and to promote those activities of its members that serve the long-term benefit to the resources and the flyway as a whole. In addition, the Council provides a point of contact for the Fish and Wildlife Service for the purpose of coordinating federal/state/provincial management activities, providing advice to the Service on long-term and short-term migratory bird management needs of the flyway - including the establishment of harvest regulations so that the welfare of these resources can be properly safeguarded.
The Mississippi Flyway Council Technical Section was established to provide technical expertise and advice to the Council to ensure biologically-based management of migratory game birds. The MFC Technical Section is a forum for cooperative interaction among state, provincial, territorial, tribal, university, conservation-organization and federal biologists, with the goal of implementing integrated management and research programs for migratory game birds.
Upcoming Meetings/Events of Interest(18.6KB)
The Central Flyway was formed in 1948 and is composed of the states of Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota, and the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and the Northwest Territories.
The Central Flyway Council consists of representatives (usually agency administrators) from their respective state, provincial, or territorial wildlife agencies that have management responsibility for migratory bird resources in the Flyway.
Central Flyway Council mission: To provide leadership in the international conservation of migratory game birds and build partnerships among public and private groups interested in this valuable wildlife resource.
Three technical committees serve and advise the Council: one deals with waterfowl, one with migratory shore and upland game birds (e.g., doves, rails, and cranes), and the third deals with migratory nongame bird issues. Each group has meetings each year to share information regarding ongoing research, monitoring, and management issues about migratory game birds.
The Council, in concert with the Technical Committees, determines actions required for sound migratory game bird management and makes recommendations to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Upcoming Meetings/Events of Interest(25.8KB)
Central Flyway Council Website
Midwinter Survey Reports(771.2KB)
The Pacific Flyway Council is an administrative body that forges cooperation among public wildlife agencies for the purpose of protecting and conserving migratory birds in western North America. The Council is composed of the director or an appointee from the public wildlife agency in each state and province in the western United States, Canada, and Mexico.
U.S. members of the Pacific Flyway Council include Alaska, Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and those portions of Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, and Wyoming west of the Continental Divide.
The federal governments of the United States, Canada, and Mexico, and Alaska subsistence harvest management bodies may provide an ex officio representative to the Council. Only U.S. state members vote on U.S. regulatory matters.
The Council has responsibilities in the annual process of setting migratory bird policy and regulations within the United States, and conducts and contributes to migratory bird research and management throughout the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
The Council is given biological advice by both a game and a nongame migratory bird technical committee. These committees are each composed of one biologist from the public wildlife agency in each state and province in the western United States, Canada, and Mexico.
Pacific Flyway Council Website
Upcoming Meetings/Events of Interest