Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act

Conserving Birds Across The Americas

 The Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act (NMBCA) addresses migratory bird population needs on a continental scale and conserves birds throughout their life cycles. The projects our grants support in other countries foster security, generate good will, and improve foreign relations, while sustaining healthy bird populations.

Since 2002, the NMBCA has provided nearly $75 million in grants to support 628 projects in 36 countries. These projects have positively affected approximately 5 million acres of bird habitat and spurred partnerships on multiple levels contributing an additional $286 million. The networks that have developed as a result of NMBCA funding have evolved into powerful conservation alliances.

About the Grants Program

The NMBCA program provides matching grants to Neotropical migratory bird conservation projects throughout the Western Hemisphere, with at least 75 percent of funding going to projects outside the United States. The competitive grants require that grant requests be matched by partner contributions at no less than a 3-to-1 ratio.

The purpose of the  Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act is to provide financial support and foster international cooperation for initiatives that will perpetuate healthy bird populations.

The NMBCA program operates on an annual grant cycle. Each year, a panel of Service staff and outside experts reviews eligible project proposals and makes recommendations for funding to the FWS Director. The Director approves the projects for funding on behalf of the Secretary of the Department of the Interior. An Advisory Group convened by the Secretary of the Interior makes policy recommendations to the program.

Identifying Measures of Performance and Achieving Conservation Targets (IMPACT)

The IMPACT program targets a portion of NMBCA funding on a group of particularly threatened Neotropical migratory birds with the goal of achieving a measurable biological improvement in these species over the next 5-10 years. Twenty-five to 30 percent of available NMBCA funding will be dedicated in support of projects that propose to address these species and shorebird initiatives as outlined in these instructions. The remaining 70-75 percent of funds will be dedicated in support of the traditional NMBCA program, where conservation projects addressing any Neotropical migratory bird species are eligible.

Download the IMPACT Program  Fact Sheet (751.3KB)


If you have questions about the NMBCA program, please contact us.

Hablamos español. Falamos portugués. Wir sprechen Deutsch.
Telephone: 703/358 1784
Fax: 703/358 2282


Bird Conservation Plans

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Programs

Last Updated: May 18, 2021