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Since 2002, more than $50.1 million in grants.

Grants have supported 451 projects in 36 countries.

Partners have contributed an additional $190.6 million.

More than 3.7 million acres of habitat affected.

Funding for the following 43 projects was approved in April 2006. A total of $3.93 million in funding was approved with project partners contributing $16.8 million in matching funds and $269,034 in nonmatching funds to affect 88,065 acres of habitat. This information is accurate as of the date of approval. For further information about specific grant projects, please contact the grantee listed in individual project summaries. Project Summary Table, U.S. Projects, U.S. - Latin American and Caribbean Projects, Latin American and Caribbean Projects.

U.S. Projects

Project: Validating Models Relating Landscape-scale Bird Abundance to Forest Metrics.
Location: Multiple forested locations throughout the States of Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.
Congressional District: Multiple.
Grantee: Virginia Tech Department of Fisheries and Wildlife.
Contact: Todd Fearer, (540) 231-7349,
Partner: National Council for Air and Stream Improvement, Inc.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $22,000.
Matching Funds: $66,000.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Flyway: Mississippi and Atlantic.
BCR: 13, 22, 23, 24, 28, and 29.
Ecoregion: NA0401, NA0402, NA0403, NA0404, NA0411, NA0412, and NA0413.
The U.S. Forest Service’s Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) and the U.S. Geological Survey’s Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) datasets have been spatially related and used in the development of models to predict bird population responses to changes in forest metrics at very large geographic scales. It is critical that the models be tested and validated in new ways to ensure their reliability at large scales and applicability elsewhere. Project partners will use BBS and FIA data from five physiographic regions (Alleghany Plateau, Cumberland Plateau, Interior Low Plateau, Ridge and Valley, and Blue Ridge Mountains) gathered during the 1965, 1975, 1989, and 2000 FIA survey cycles, as well as 2005 and 2006 BBS and other compatible data, to test the ability of models to accurately predict bird presence/absence, abundance, and diversity under three different data scenarios. By establishing the predictive accuracy and geographic applicability of the models, partners are helping to provide natural resource managers with updated tools for predicting the effects of various land-use practices on bird abundance.
Project: Migratory Bird Productivity in the Teshekpuk Lake Special Area.
Location: North Slope Borough, Alaska.
Congressional District: At large.
Grantee: Wildlife Conservation Society.
Contact: Joe Liebezeit, (503) 241-7231,
Partners: Brainerd Foundation and Disney Wildlife Conservation Fund.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $60,000.
Matching Funds: $180,000.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Flyway: Pacific.
BCR: 3.
Ecoregion: NA1103.
The North Slope of Alaska offers vital breeding grounds for 20 or more species of Neotropical migratory shorebirds and waterfowl. It also contains the more than 23-million-acre National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska, within which are three federally designated “Special Areas” given their exceptional importance to wildlife. Assessments made of the impacts that proposed oil-development expansion into the reserve would have on breeding Neotropical migratory bird populations have been largely based on aerial survey data. While such data are important, impacts would be more accurately assessed through comparative, on-the-ground investigations of reproductive success. Project partners will collect baseline breeding information on more than 15 species of tundra-nesting birds in the Teshekpuk Lake Special Area. This information will be compared to nest survivorship results at other North Slope sites (Prudhoe Bay and Arctic National Wildlife Refuge) to evaluate which sites are most important in supporting bird production, particularly among shorebirds. Partners’ work will build on previous complementary research efforts in this region by the grantee, British Petroleum, Inc., and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Partners will involve local communities through educational presentations and data-collection training.
Project: National Wildlife Federation-Cocopah Tribe Collaboration for Colorado River Riparian Restoration.
Location: Cocopah Indian Reservation, Yuma County, Arizona.
Congressional District: 7.
Grantee: National Wildlife Federation.
Contact: Garrit Voggesser, (303) 786-8001,
Partners: Cocopah Indian Tribe, Pronatura Sonora, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $68,090.
Matching Funds: $204,291.
Nonmatching Funds: $32,100.
Flyway: Pacific.
BCR: 33.
Ecoregion: NA1310.
The Limitrophe section of the Lower Colorado River runs 23 river miles between the United States and Mexico; 12 pass through the Cocopah Indian Tribe’s land. This riparian corridor is ecologically vital to the safe passage of a myriad of Neotropical migratory birds throughout the Pacific Flyway. A 22-partner international coalition has formed to conserve and protect the natural resources of the Limitrophe section, and its successful restoration activities to date have helped to improve the quality and quantity of water and remove invasive plant species. Partners in this current project will develop a Cocopah Reservation - Lower Colorado River Limitrophe Management Plan to help meet the long-term protection, restoration, and management needs of the area. Partners also will restore up to 60 acres of riparian habitat and develop Memorandums of Understanding between the tribe, federal agencies, and private landowners regarding the conservation and management of the Limitrophe. Environmental education and outreach programs and materials will be developed to engage tribal members, local communities, tourists, and other stakeholders in conservation actions.
Project: Raptor Migration Monitoring in the Western U.S. and Gulf Coast Region.
Location: Coconino County, Arizona; Monroe County, Florida; Gallatin County, Montana; Elko County, Nevada; Bernalillo and Torrance Counties, New Mexico; Hood River County, Oregon; Chambers and Nueces Counties, Texas; Cache County, Utah; Chelan/Okanogan County, Washington; and Lincoln County, Wyoming.
Congressional District: 1, Arizona; 18, Florida; 1, Montana; 2, Nevada; 1, New Mexico; 2, Oregon; 14 and 27, Texas; 1, Utah; 4, Washington; and At large, Wyoming.
Grantee: HawkWatch International.
Contact: Jeff Smith, (801) 484-6808 extension 109,
Partners: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission, Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife, Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife, New Mexico Game & Fish, Nevada Department of Wildlife, Wyoming Game & Fish, Houston Endowment, Public Service Company of New Mexico, Fanwood Foundation, Oregon Parks Foundation, Magnolia Charitable Trust, Walbridge Fund, Schaffner Family Foundation, Northwest Business Association, Nevada Power, Intel New Mexico, Northwestern Energy, Bald Mountain Mines, Battle Mountain Gold, Newmont Mining Company, Flint Hills Resources, Kennecott Utah Copper, Swarovski Optik, Grand Canyon Association, Gulf Coast Bird Observatory, Central Oregon Audubon, Central New Mexico Audubon, Portland Audubon, Sacajawea Audubon, Wyoming Audubon, Audubon Outdoor Club of Corpus Christi, George Perkins, Jr., Nancy Perkins, Jennifer and Randy Speers, Dr. Kay Millar, and other individual donors.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $124,000.
Matching Funds: $372,846.
Nonmatching Funds: $112,500.
Flyway: Pacific, Central, and Atlantic.
BCR: 5, 9, 10, 16, 31, and 37.
Ecoregion: NA0503, NA0508, NA0512, NA0515, NA0528, NA0530, NA0701, and NA1313.
The objective of HawkWatch International’s migration monitoring program is to conduct standardized, full-season counts of migratory raptors annually from an established network of sites to document their long-term, regional population trends. This program is the largest of its kind in the world and has a collection of data that includes work dating back to 1977. As wide-ranging, top-level predators utilizing most of the continent’s habitats and known to be sensitive to human disturbances, raptors represent excellent biological indicators of the health of underlying ecosystems. An extensive group of partners will be supporting the program in 2006-2007 at its established field sites: Arizona: Grand Canyon National Park; Florida: Curry Hammock State Park, Marathon Key; Montana: Gallatin National Forest, Bridger Mountains; Nevada: U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Elko Field Office, Goshute Mountains Wilderness Study Area, Goshute Mountains; New Mexico: Cibola National Forest, Manzano and Sandia Wilderness Areas, Manzano and Sandia Mountains; Oregon: Mt. Hood National Forest, Bonney Butte; Texas: Hazel Bazemore County Park, Corpus Christi, and Candy Abshier Wildlife Management Area, Smith Point; Utah: Wasatch-Cache National Forest, Wellsville Wilderness Area, Wellsville Mountains; Washington: Okanogan/Wenatchee National Forests, Chelan Ridge; Wyoming: BLM Kemmerer Field Office, Commissary Ridge. Some 15 species of diurnal raptors—most of which are Neotropical migrants—will be counted at all sites as they migrate through, with banding activities taking place at six of the sites. Environmental education programs also will be carried out for the public at most sites, especially in conjunction with banding activities, to increase awareness about raptors’ conservation needs.
Project: Diversity, Productivity, and Conservation of Neotropical Migratory Landbirds in Central Coastal California.
Location: Monterey County, California.
Congressional District: 17.
Grantee: Ventana Wildlife Society.
Contact: Karen Ritchie, (831) 455-9514,
Partners: California Army National Guard, California Department of Parks and Recreation, David and Lucille Packard Foundation, Dean Witter Foundation, Harden Foundation, Marisla Foundation, Monterey Peninsula Audubon Society, Monterey Peninsula Water Management District, and Ventana Wildlife Society members.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $35,000.
Matching Funds: $117,175.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Flyway: Pacific.
BCR: 32.
Ecoregion: NA1202 and NA1203.
Riparian habitat is essential to migratory birds and other wildlife, particularly in areas having arid landscapes. In central California’s coastal region, riparian habitat is threatened primarily by commercial and residential water use, agricultural runoff, and development. At eight study sites in the watersheds of the Salinas, Carmel, Big Sur, and Nacimiento Rivers, project partners will monitor migratory landbird populations to assess and compare species diversity, abundance, productivity, and survivorship. Partners also will use annual vegetations surveys to quantify riparian habitat features and evaluate patterns of change in habitat over time. Information on bird populations and habitat features will be used together to compare ecosystem health at the study sites and to help guide adaptive habitat-management strategies in the area. Their work and results will be compiled into a manuscript as well as conveyed to the scientific community and to general audiences through presentations at meetings, conferences, and other forums. Partners will continue to demonstrate field ornithology activities for the public at the Big Sur Ornithology Lab to increase awareness about bird conservation and research.
Project: Investigation of Red Knot Wintering Population of the Florida Gulf Coast.
Location: Lee, Sarasota, Charlotte, and Manatee Counties, Florida.
Congressional District: 13, 14, and 16.
Grantee: New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection-Division of Fish & Wildlife.
Contact: Lawrence Niles, (609) 292-9101,
Partners: Royal Ontario Museum, International Wader Study Group, British Trust for Ornithology, Florida Fish & Wildlife Commission, Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Manomet Center for Conservation Science, and an individual donor.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $11,600.
Matching Funds: $47,012.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Flyway: Atlantic.
BCR: 31.
Ecoregion: NA0529 and NT0904.
The three main wintering areas of the red knot, a long-distance Neotropical migrant, are Tierra del Fuego at the southern tip of South America, Maranhao in northern Brazil, and the gulf coast of Florida. The principal known threat to red knots, whose population has shown catastrophic declines in the last 20 years, is their dwindling food resource of horseshoe crab eggs in Delaware Bay—its final stopover before flying to breeding grounds in the Canadian Arctic. The least-understood nonbreeding population of red knots is the one found in Florida, which, given declining numbers at other sites, has become increasingly important to this species’ survival. Project partners will organize an international team of shorebird biologists and work with State biologists and local birding experts to conduct surveys that will provide useful information on the numbers, distribution, sub-specific composition, age, and sex ratio of this population. Partners also will initiate a banding program, which will help identify important stopover areas for this population along the Eastern seaboard and develop survival-rate estimates.
Project: Conserving Important Bird Areas for Neotropical Landbird Migrants of Conservation Concern.
Location: Nationwide.
Congressional District: Nationwide.
Grantee: National Audubon Society.
Contact: Greg Butcher, (202) 861-2242 extension 3034,
Partners: None.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $40,000.
Matching Funds: $133,965.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Flyway: Nationwide.
BCR: Nationwide.
Ecoregion: Nationwide.
Nearly 2,000 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) have been established across the continental United States. Using existing IBA population data and working with state IBA coordinators and resident bird experts, partners will determine occurrence and abundance of Neotropical migratory landbirds that are on the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s list of U.S. Birds of Conservation Concern as well as on Audubon’s WatchList as either Yellow or Red Species. Some 30 species of landbirds meet these criteria. Using the grantee’s online database, partners will produce species-specific reports of all IBAs that support manageable populations of the 30 species. The reports will include information on population sizes, threats, and conservation opportunities at each IBA, and prioritize the sites accordingly. In addition, the species will be prioritized by their conservation need. Partners will share data and reports with resource managers and conservationists throughout the Western Hemisphere, increasing the amount of information available to them and promoting cross-border projects that conserve top-priority landbird species at the most important IBAs. This project builds on partners’ previous Act-funded work which similarly gathered, prioritized, and distributed information on 17 waterbird species of concern.
Project: Efficacy Testing of Line Marking Devices for Avian Collision Reduction.
Location: McLean County, North Dakota.
Congressional District: At large.
Grantee: University of Colorado.
Contact: Misti Miller, (307) 399-0783,
Partners: California Energy Commission, Western Area Power Administration, Audubon National Wildlife Refuge, and Avian Power Line Interaction Committee.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $94,600.
Matching Funds: $345,000.
Nonmatching Funds: $221,000.
Flyway: Central.
BCR: 11 and 17.
Ecoregion: NA0811.
Each year, millions of birds perish due to collisions with overhead power lines, communication towers, wind turbines, and other structures. These collisions are the subject of increasing concern among utility and regulatory agencies and environmental organizations worldwide because these fatal interactions cause problems for the industries in addition to killing endangered and threatened species and Birds of Conservation Concern. Project partners will provide a mechanism for evaluating line-marking devices to reduce avian collisions with overhead lines. Three devices will be installed on lines at the Audubon National Wildlife Refuge and evaluated using data collected over the following two field seasons. Partners will then compare the data to counts of strike events recorded at non-marked lines at the same location within the past 4 years. Project results will help to protect and manage bird populations, contribute to the research and information base on avian collision mortality, and help to educate the public and utility industry about avian collision mitigation.
Project: Reproduction of Grassland Sparrows on Reclaimed Surface Mines in Pennsylvania.
Location: Clearfield and Clarion Counties, Pennsylvania.
Congressional District: 5.
Grantee: Pennsylvania State University.
Contact: Duane Diefenbach, (814) 865-4511,
Partners: None.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $24,718.
Matching Funds: $83,306.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Flyway: Atlantic.
BCR: 28.
Ecoregion: NA0401.
North America’s total historic tallgrass and mixed-grass prairie has declined by more than 80 percent. These grassland habitats offer important breeding areas for the grasshopper sparrow and savannah sparrow, two migratory bird species whose populations have likewise declined. Reclaimed surface mines now bearing grassland habitats may represent important refuge for these and other grassland-associated birds. In western Pennsylvania, some 35,000 hectares of reclaimed surface-mine habitat host 48,000 breeding pairs of grasshopper sparrows and 2,000 of savannah sparrows in densities comparable to those in remnant and restored prairie habitat. However, reproductive success of birds using the reclaimed grasslands has not been well documented. This project’s researchers will conduct studies at a privately owned, 40-hectare reclaimed grassland in Clearfield County and at a State-owned, 100-hectare reclaimed grassland complex in Clarion County. At each site, nests of grasshopper and savannah sparrows will be identified and monitored in order to quantify their reproductive success. Females will be leg-banded, marked, and monitored for re-nesting attempts and site fidelity. This project’s results will help researchers assess these smaller, reclaimed mines’ ability to support viable breeding populations of grassland-associated migratory birds.
Project: Monitoring Avian Migration–Use of Stopover Sites in Milwaukee County.
Location: Milwaukee County, Wisconsin.
Congressional District: 1, 4, and 5.
Grantee: Milwaukee County Avian Migration Monitoring Partnership.
Contact: Tim Vargo, (414) 964-8505 extension 116,
Partners: University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee’s Department of Biological Sciences, University of Western Ontario’s Department of Biology, Coastal Program–Great Lakes Grant, Wisconsin Citizen-based Monitoring Partnership Program, Wisconsin Environmental Education Board, Levinson Foundation, Wisconsin Society for Ornithology, and Natural Resources Foundation.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $9,000.
Matching Funds: $28,865.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Flyway: Mississippi.
BCR: 23.
Ecoregion: NA0415.
Migratory birds utilize a variety of stopover habitats to rest and refuel along their journey between breeding and wintering grounds. Although ornithologists now have a great understanding of the migratory process itself, far less is known about how changes in spatial, temporal, and physical aspects of stopover habitat may affect avian populations in the near to long term. Stopover habitat in urban areas may become increasingly important as a refuge to migratory birds in a sea of development. In this project’s pilot year, partners will measure the avian use of eight patches of habitat (four riparian sites and four upland sites) in Milwaukee County’s urban matrix. Each habitat patch will represent varying degrees of vegetative disturbance and distance from the Lake Michigan shoreline. Partners will determine species richness, timing of migration, and abundance and assess relative habitat quality for refueling. University students and local volunteers will be trained and assist with transect counts, banding, vegetation analysis, and recording of data. Project results will help to guide federal and state agencies and private conservation organizations in their efforts to protect high-quality, migratory stopover habitat along Lake Michigan.

U.S. - Latin American and Caribbean Projects

Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas—MEXICO
Project: Migratory Bird Conservation Alliance.
Location: Multiple coastal and upland sites in the U.S. States of Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, and in the Mexican States of Tamaulipas, Quintana Roo, and Veracruz.
Congressional District: Multiple.
Grantee: American Bird Conservancy.
Contact: Jane Fitzgerald, (314) 918-8505,
Partners: Amigos de Sian Ka’an, Missouri Department of Conservation, Gulf Coast Bird Observatory, National Protected Natural Areas Commission (CONANP), University of Missouri-Columbia, Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency, University of Texas-Brownsville, Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, University of Tennesse-Knoxville, T'isil Natural Reserve, and Point Reyes Bird Observatory.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $73,120.
Matching Funds: $748,519.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Flyway: Atlantic and Mississippi.
BCR: 24.
Ecoregion: NA0176, NA0233, NA0303, NA0404, NA1307, NT0176, NT0181, NT0235, and NT1421.
Coastal habitats and forested uplands around the Gulf of Mexico regularly provide stopover and wintering grounds for more than 220 Neotropical migratory bird species. The Migratory Bird Conservation Alliance (Alliance), a partnership of public and private entities in the United States, Canada, and Mexico now in its second year, will further its cooperative efforts to monitor bird populations at a network of Mexican and U.S. study sites, facilitate communication and information exchange among Alliance partners, and increase training and field internship opportunities. With the addition of Gulf Coast Bird Observatory as a partner, new monitoring sites within the Mexican State of Veracruz and along the U.S. Gulf Coast have been added to the network. There are now more than 40 sites within the Alliance’s Gulf of Mexico network, including Alabama’s Dauphin Island Bird Sanctuary, Florida’s Reliant Energy-Osceola site, Louisiana’s Lafitte Woods Preserve, Mississippi’s Hancock County Marshes, Texas’ Chenier Plain National Wildlife Refuge Complex, and the El Cielo and Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserves, El Eden Ecological Reserve, and T’isil Natural Reserve in Mexico. This project advances the migratory bird conservation goals of the Central Hardwoods Joint Venture.
Project: The Value of Restored Riparian Habitat to Overwintering Neotropical Migratory Birds.
Location: Counties of Shasta, Glenn, Tehama, Sacramento, and San Joaquin, California; States of Baja California, Sonora, Jalisco, and Quintana Roo, Mexico.
Congressional District: 2, 3, and 11.
Grantee: PRBO Conservation Science.
Contact: Steven Latta, (415) 893-7677 extension 310,
Partners: California Bay Delta Authority, DMarlou Foundation, The Nature Conservancy, ProNatura Sonora, Manantlán Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation-University of Guadalajara (IMECBIO), Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education of Ensenada (CICESE), T’isil Natural Reserve, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $171,343.
Matching Funds: $651,421.
Nonmatching Funds: $48,500.
Flyway: Pacific.
BCR: 32, 33, 47, and 56.
Ecoregion: NA0516, NA0801, NA1201, NA1202, NA1301, NT0181, and NT0217.
In California, riparian areas have been identified as the most important habitat for the protection and conservation of migratory songbirds. During the past 100 years, an estimated 98 percent of riparian habitat in the Central Valley has been lost due to urban development, water diversions, and conversion to other uses. Partners will build on the accomplishments of their previous Act-funded project and further its long-term goal of providing guidance for riparian restoration efforts that enhance habitat critical to Neotropical migratory birds. In this project, partners will describe the wintering ecology of Neotropical migrants using temperate and tropical riparian habitat; assess the value of riparian restoration efforts for migrants during the nonbreeding period; and test whether restoration conditions favorable to breeding birds are also favorable to wintering birds. Project activities will be conducted at 20 study plots across six sites: in California, the Sacramento Valley and San Joaquin Valley; and in Mexico, Río Santo Tomás watershed (Baja California), Colorado River Delta (Sonora), Ayuquila River (Jalisco), and Yucatán Peninsula (Quintana Roo).
Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska—MEXICO
Project: U.S.-Mexico Grassland Bird Conservation: Closing the Adaptive Management Loop.
Location: All counties within the Shortgrass Prairie Bird Conservation Region boundary of U.S. States of Nebraska, Colorado, and Kansas, and the Mexican States of Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, and Durango.
Congressional District: 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, Colorado; 1, Kansas; and 3, Nebraska.
Grantee: Rocky Mountain Bird Observatory.
Contact: David Hanni, (970) 482-1707,
Partners: The Nature Conservancy and Rocky Mountain Bird Observatory-Nebraska.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $174,000.
Matching Funds: $794,500.
Nonmatching Funds: $254,034.
Flyway: Central.
BCR: 18 and 35.
Ecoregion: NA0815 and NA1303.
Grassland bird communities in North America have been declining for many decades, and project partners are taking a multi-faceted continental approach in addressing this serious conservation issue. In the northern portion of the Shortgrass Prairie Bird Conservation Region, which includes parts of Colorado, Kansas, and Nebraska, partners will evaluate existing grassland bird monitoring protocols to determine the most effective methods in assessing populations, particularly for 13 species of concern. Outreach and education activities also will be carried out with private landowners to raise awareness about and facilitate the protection of mountain plover nests. In Mexico, partners will expand ongoing monitoring efforts for wintering grassland birds and assess the need for improvements. Three grassland outreach, education, and conservation-planning activities will be implemented in the State of Chihuahua. By employing adaptive management practices, partners will help to improve and advance the conservation of grassland birds.
Michigan – BAHAMAS
Project: Increasing Conservation Capacity in the Bahamas.
Location: Marquette and Genesee Counties, Michigan; the Commonwealth of the Bahamas
Congressional District: 1 and 5.
Grantee: The Nature Conservancy.
Contact: Eleanor Phillips, (242) 327-2414,
Partners: None.
Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $18,300.
Matching Funds: $67,100.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Flyway: Mississippi.
BCR: 12 and 23.
Ecoregion: NA0414, NA0415, NA0416, NT0203, and NT0301.
Various types of development throughout the Bahamas are posing an increasing threat to its many endemic, resident, and wintering birds. Of particular concern is Kirtland’s warbler, which breeds only in Michigan and winters almost exclusively in the Bahamas. The Kirtland’s Warbler Research and Training Program, an initiative begun in 2002 by partners in Michigan and the Bahamas to study this species’ population status and habitat requirements, was the catalyst for the current project. While the information gained is vital, it alone will not help the Kirtland’s warbler and other Neotropical migratory birds. Bahamians trained in natural resources management and in implementing conservation programs are greatly needed; however, few have such training or education. Project partners will support two Bahamian college students in completing their coursework in the natural sciences at U.S. academic institutions, such as the University of Michigan and Northern Michigan University. These students, who have also participated in the Kirtland’s warbler project, will spend the summer field season in Michigan to assist with the project and continue gaining field experience.
Project: Sharing Information about Neotropical Migratory Bird Species Conservation Initiatives.
Location: Neotropics-wide.
Grantee: Rainforest Alliance.
Contact: Diane Jukofsky, (212) 677-1900,
Partners: Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund, Inter-American Development Bank, United Nations Development Programme-Small Grants Programme, Overbrook Foundation, Global Environment Facility, Spray Foundation, and Summit Foundation.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $50,000.
Matching Funds: $150,470.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: All throughout United States, Latin America, and the Caribbean.
Eco-Index is an online archive, located at, containing information in English, Spanish, and Portuguese on more than 800 conservation projects throughout Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. Project partners will update the Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act (NMBCA) projects currently profiled on Eco-Index and contact all 2005 and 2006 NMBCA grantees to invite their participation in the Eco-Index. Partners also will interview at least three NMBCA-funded project directors annually for Eco-Index features, send a bi-monthly email newsletter featuring migratory bird conservation projects to all NMBCA grantees, organize one teleconferenced “Conservation Dialogues” with selected project directors and publish results, design an online forum for NMBCA-funded project directors, create template Web pages for grantees who do not have Web sites of their own, and publish feature articles about NMBCA-funded projects in the popular Eco-Exchange/Ambien Tema newsletter.

Latin American and Caribbean Projects

Project: Rice Fields' Use and Threats to the Bobolink in Northeastern Argentina.
Location: Santa Fe Province, Argentina.
Grantee: Wetlands International-Argentina.
Contact: Daniel Blanco, [54] 11 4312 0932,
Partners: None.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $14,250.
Matching Funds: $42,750.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0909.
Bobolinks breed in north-central United States and winter in southern South America, where they feed on rice. This species’ population is declining, possibly due in part to their perception and treatment as a pest by rice farmers. Wetlands International researchers in Argentina and their colleagues at Aves Argentina will study the wintering ecology of the bobolink in relation to the country’s rice-farming cycle; assess the threats to the species during this period; and promote urgent conservation actions where needed in cooperation with provincial and national authorities. Information gathered will guide the drafting of an Action Plan for bobolink conservation.
Project: Bahamas Natural Areas Management Partnership: Plans Into Action.
Location: Harrold and Wilson Pond National Park, Abaco National Park, Lucayan National Park/Rand Nature Center, New Providence National Park, Central Andros National Park, and Commonwealth of the Bahamas.
Grantee: Bahamas National Trust.
Contact: Eric Carey, (242) 393-1317,
Partners: The Nature Conservancy and Bacardi Family Foundation (Parks Partnership Project funder).
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $112,200.
Matching Funds: $340,000.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0203, NT0301, and NT1403.
Neotropical migratory bird habitat in northern Bahamas is relatively intact, but is increasingly threatened by invasive alien species and altered fire regimes—and by land managers’ limited training and resources needed to address these threats, especially in and around national parks. Project partners will develop local natural areas managers’ capacity to plan for and implement strategies for controlling invasive alien species and fires. Management plans addressing these two primary threats will be completed for four national parks: Central Andros, Abaco, Lucayan/Rand Nature Center, and Harrold and Wilson Pond. Partners also will remove nascent invasive alien species populations from more than 100 acres of wetlands and coastal habitat. A mobile natural areas management team will be created to address invasive species and fire threats. Additionally, partners will conduct outreach and education to raise awareness about these threats.
Project: Migratory Bird Conservation in the Maya Mountain Marine Corridor of Belize.
Location: Payne’s Creek National Park and Buffer Zones, Toledo District, Belize.
Grantee: Toledo Institute for Development and Environment.
Contact: Robin Coleman, (501) 722-2274,
Partners: Belize Protected Areas Conservation Trust, The Nature Conservancy, Environmental Program for Central America (PROARCA), Wallace Research Foundation, and Caribbean Regional Environment Program.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $90,550.
Matching Funds: $381,170.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0302, NT0154, and NT1403.
Project partners will work together to make the vast changes recommended in the revised management plan for one of Belize’s treasured havens of migratory bird habitat, Payne’s Creek National Park in Toledo. Improvements in management include increasing park surveillance, launching a full-time Outreach and Education Program for communities in the park’s buffer zone, and establishing a fire management program to save the sensitive pine savannah that supports so many species.
Project: Sustainable Financing the Management and Conservation of Neotropical Migrants in Bolivia's Biodiverse Cloud Forests through Development of a Payments-for-watershed-services Model.
Location: Rio Grande Watershed, Department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia.
Grantee: Bolivia Nature Foundation (FNB).
Contact: Maria Teresa Vargas Rios, (591) (3) 339-5133,
Partners: Municipalities of Pampagrande, Comarapa and Quirusillas; PUMA Foundation; Centre for International Forestry Research; International Institute for Environment and Development; Conservation, Food and Health Foundation; Prefecture of Santa Cruz; and Environment Committees of Santa Rosa, Palmasola, and Los Negros Communities.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $90,530.
Matching Funds: $273,000.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0105, NT0166, and NT0212.
Project partners will build on their previous Act-funded efforts and accomplishments and finalize the payments-for-watershed-services model they piloted for sustainable cloud-forest management in the Los Negros watershed. Partners also will replicate the model in the neighboring Comarapa and Quirusillas sub-watersheds. The model will be “scaled up” and used in the design and development of a protected area within the 57,000-square-kilometer Rio Grande watershed. Additionally, partners will explore what is needed to make the payments-for-watershed-services model a mainstream option nationwide (where appropriate) that is politically, economically, legally, and socially viable.
Project: Caribbean Habitats—Mangrove Restoration & Bird Monitoring.
Location: Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands.
Grantee: Cayman Islands Department of the Environment.
Contact: Mat Cottam, (345) 949-8469,
Partners: Reef Ball Foundation, C.I. Yacht Club, and local donors.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $58,000.
Matching Funds: $169,778.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT1410.
Mangrove habitat in the Cayman Islands has increasingly been lost due to conversion to other uses, primarily development, and what remains was damaged extensively in 2004 by Hurricane Ivan. Project partners will restore mangrove habitat in key areas, following the high-survivorship protocol of Reef Ball technology, which gives seedlings a head start and anchors them in place. Partners also will develop a program for surveying and monitoring mangrove-associated migratory bird species in the project area. Outreach and education will be conducted through a Web site established for the project that explains its premise, tracks restoration progress and migratory bird species observations, and directs visitors to other resources for more information about birds.
Project: Tropical Dry Forests of the Caribbean Region.
Location: Departments of Magdalena, Guajira, and Bolívar, Colombia.
Grantee: Alliance for Critical Ecosystems (ALPEC).
Contact: Ralf Strewe, (575) 420 4332,
Partners: National Parks Administrative Unit, Las Tinajas-Los Camarones-San Juan Nepo Muceno Joint Community Action, Magdalena University, Guarjira University, Kalashe Kalabia Foundation, Iguana Foundation, Proverdes-Comercializadora, Regional Autonomous Corporations, and Alexander von Humboldt Institute.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $59,390.
Matching Funds: $190,990.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0229 and NT1308.
Colombia’s tropical dry forest habitat is very important to more than 50 species of migratory birds, but much of this habitat has been degraded, deforested, and fragmented. Project partners will use Geographic Information System analysis and field monitoring to evaluate the status of the dry forest ecosystem in the country’s Caribbean region and to identify the most valuable fragments to conserve. Partners also will establish 1,000-plant nurseries on 30 properties and will work with local communities to restore habitat in the buffer zones of three protected areas using the native nursery plants. Additionally, partners will help 30 land owners to conserve their forested areas and utilize non-timber products for alternative or additional income. Establishing basic infrastructure, training protected-areas staff and local guides, and producing educational material will help to advance ecotourism in the project area.
Project: Forever Forest—Creating and Restoring Migratory Bird Refuges.
Location: Monteverde, Costa Rica.
Grantee: Costa Rican Conservation Foundation (FCC).
Contact: Debra Hamilton DeRosier, (506) 645-6320,
Partners: ProNativas and Environmental Education Commission (CEAM).
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $49,192.
Matching Funds: $150,054.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0130 and NT0167.
The Pacific slope of Monteverde provides forested tropical moist and premontane habitat important to more than 50 species of migratory birds, but it is mostly unprotected and vulnerable to deforestation and conversion to other uses. Project partners, building on their previous habitat-protection project, will acquire 7 more hectares total of critical habitat parcels for designation as wildlife refuges, and will reforest them with native tree species. Communities within and around the refuges will plant native species on their properties, totaling 4 hectares, to help buffer the protected areas. Another 87 hectares of abandoned pastures will be similarly restored. Partners will manage 60 hectares more of previously acquired and restored habitat, providing seedling care, fencing, and patrolling for the area. Additionally, partners will monitor over-winter survival of Neotropical migrants as well as their fruit-tree species preferences.
Project: Protecting Bird Habitat through the Implementation of the Costa Rican Bird Route: Section San Juan-La Selva.
Location: Sarapiqui Region, Heredia, Costa Rica.
Grantee: Rainforest Biodiversity Group, Inc.
Contact: Andrew Rothman, (803) 270-3509,
Partners: Russell Bensman Marketing, Inc., and private landowners.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $50,000.
Matching Funds: $170,388.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0129.
Partners are working together to establish the 587,000-acre (262,000-hectare) San Juan-La Selva Biological Corridor in Costa Rica, a key stretch of forested habitat within the larger, multinational Mesoamerican Biological Corridor. Partners in this project will secure voluntary, binding conservation easements with willing landowners along the San Juan–La Selva section to protect 600 hectares of rainforest habitat from the threat of logging. Six new reserves will be designated among the easement lands and, together with seven other existing reserves, will serve as key points along the Costa Rican Bird Route. This route, under development by project partners, will guide ecotourists along a network of protected sites offering a variety of birdwatching and wildlife viewing opportunities. Project outreach and environmental education will be carried out for communities along the Bird Route.
Project: Restoration of Mangrove and Dry Tropical Forests, Andamojo Watershed.
Location: Playa Junquilla, Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica.
Grantee: Applied Ecological Services.
Contact: Steven Apfelbaum, (608) 897-8641,
Partners: America’s Gardening Resource, John Todd Ecological Design, Intervale Foundation,
El Centro Verde, Green the Andamojo, Terra Pacifica, Costa Rica National University, and University of Vermont.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $105,373.
Matching Funds: $1,875,000.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0209 and NT1407.
The 25,000-acre Andamojo River and watershed historically comprise a very significant wintering area for many Neotropical bird species. Deforestation and conversion of habitat to other uses have diminished the river to “intermittent.” Partners will endeavor to revitalize the river ecosystem by acquiring two properties totaling 1,500 acres of habitat within the watershed and finalize restoration plans for the newly protected parcels. Partners also will restore 50 acres of converted pasture back to mangroves and will restore another 300 acres of dry tropical forests. Landowners and other stakeholders will be educated about restoration activities. Additionally, partners will gather baseline data on vegetation and avian use, and monitor and measure Neotropical migratory birds’ response to the restored habitat over time.
Project: Restoration of Tropical Pastures and Their Use by Neotropical Migrants.
Location: Near Agua Buena and adjacent to Amistad National Park, Coto Brus County, Costa Rica.
Grantee: Michigan State Universit–Zoology Department.
Contact: Catherine Lindell, (517) 353-9874,
Partners: Earthwatch Institute.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $30,006.
Matching Funds: $90,895.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0130 and NT0167.
Effective restoration of deforested, degraded lands in the tropics is a critical component of conserving Neotropical migratory birds. Project partners will restore 10 hectares of degraded pastureland by planting more native tree species at 13 experimental plots in southern Costa Rica, continuing and building upon restoration activities initiated in 2004 and 2005. Partners will document Neotropical migrants’ species richness, species composition, and foraging success at the 13 plots, and compare it to such data on birds within restoration plots in the Amistad International Park buffer zone and on birds within six active pasture areas. Two interested members of the local community will be trained in bird monitoring techniques, and educational material about the project and its outcomes will be distributed to local landowners and schools.
Project: Migratory Bird Conservation Using Alternative Coffee Cultivation and Processing Methodologies.
Location: Montes de Oro, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica; Departments of Santa Barbara, Limpira, Copan, and La Paz, Honduras.
Grantee: Mesoamerican Development Institute.
Contact: Raúl Raudales, (978) 937-3460,
Partners: Montes de Oro Coffee Cooperative, Solar Trade, Government of Costa Rica, Central American Bank for Economic Integration, Costa Rican Electric Institute, Fair Trade Consortium (COOCAFE), Coffee Institute of Costa Rica (ICAFE), Coffee Institute of Honduras (IHCAFE), and El Zamorano School for Agro-Industry.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $141,150.
Matching Funds: $2,310,000.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0119.
Partners will continue to advance the innovative practices and technologies developed and implemented at Montes de Oro Coffee Cooperative in Costa Rica, and will share them with coffee producers in Honduras. At Montes de Oro, farmers use an “Integrated Open Canopy” (IOC) system to cultivate organic coffee on lightly shaded plots 2 hectares or less in size, which offers far higher yields than shade systems. Partners will compare the diversity and fitness of birds in IOC plantations to those in shade plantations and nearby primary forest to determine the relative avian benefits of an IOC system. Montes de Oro farmers also are using solar-powered industrial coffee dryers they helped to develop, which eliminate the need to harvest wood to fuel conventional dryers. Partners will continue to quantify, demonstrate, and promote the ecological and energy-saving benefits of solar dryers to other coffee producers in Costa Rica and Honduras, and will help to build a market for solar-dried, organic, IOC-grown coffee.
Project: Protecting Neotropical Migrant Birds in Southwestern Dominican Republic.
Location: Sierra de Bahoruco National Park, Provinces of Pedernales, Independencia, and Bahoruco, Dominican Republic.
Grantee: American Bird Conservancy.
Contact: Paul Salaman, (809) 616-1444,
Partners: Secretariat of State of the Environment and Natural Resources (SMA), Grupo Jaragua, and Dominican Environmental Consortium (CAD).
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $108,185.
Matching Funds: $325,338.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0215 and NT0305.
In the Dominican Republic, an estimated 90 percent of habitats important to migratory and resident birds has been lost in the last 20 years. In response, the government established protected areas such as Sierra de Bahoruco National Park—the country’s most important park and a key site for conserving Caribbean biodiversity. Due to limited park resources and personnel, it remains vulnerable to threats such as encroaching slash and burn agriculture, squatters, wildfires, illegal hunting, and collection of birds for the pet trade. Project partners will help to safeguard this national treasure by establishing a protocol for park staff to patrol and better protect its boundaries. Park staff will be trained in bird identification and monitoring in order to establish an ongoing monitoring program for migratory, resident, and endemic bird species. Partners will modify the park’s northwestern boundary to include and protect dry forest and semideciduous forest critical to endemic and migratory bird species. Additionally, partners will develop nature trails at two sites to attract more visitors to this fee-based park and to increase local environmental awareness.
Project: Conserving Neotropical Migrants through Site Support Groups at Key Important Bird Areas in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Location: Panamá Bay, Panama; Cordillera de Haucamayas, Ecuador; and Upper Yacare Sur, Paraguay.
Grantee: National Audubon Society.
Contact: Peg Olsen, (518) 424-2979,
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $153,850.
Matching Funds: $1,021,500.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0209 and NT0210.
Project partners will engage and empower local communities in the conservation of four Important Bird Areas through the implementation of RARE’s “Pride Campaign.” These campaigns’ educational messages and products will be developed around a flagship Neotropical migratory species in the communities of Panamá Bay, Panama; Cordillera de Haucamayas, Ecuador; and Upper Yacare Sur, Paraguay. Partners also will train local people to be leaders and members in the development of Site Support Groups, which will monitor, manage, and protect habitat important to migratory birds at the four project sites.
Project: Protecting Neotropical Migrants in the Andes: Building a Strategic Protected Area Network.
Location: In Ecuador: Canandé Reserve, Cerulean Warbler Reserve, Tapichalaca Reserve, Yanacocha Reserve, Buenaventura Reserve, and Jorupe Reserve; In Peru: Bosque de Poma, Abra Patricia Reserve, Alto Mayo Reserve, Cutervo National Park, Tabacona-Namballle Reserve, Pomacochas Reserve, Quebrada Limones, and Laquipamba Reserve.
Grantee: American Bird Conservancy.
Contact: Hugo Arnal, (540) 253-5780,
Partners: Andean Ecosystems Association (ECOAN) and Jocotoco Foundation.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $226,824.
Matching Funds: $690,086.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0121, NT0142, NT0145, NT0153, NT0174, NT0178, NT0214, NT0223, NT0232, NT1004, NT1006, and NT1315.
Project partners will establish a protected area in eastern Ecuador specifically for the benefit of the cerulean warbler, at a core wintering site for the species. An Andean Conservation Action Plan also will be developed for this species. Partners will build a strategic binational reserve network to benefit all migratory and resident birds in the two countries. The network will consist of 20,485 hectares of protected land, including 1,500 hectares to be acquired by project partners. Another 100 hectares in the network will be restored. Additionally, partners will establish a coordinated Andean migratory-bird monitoring program at 14 permanent stations across Ecuador and Peru, which will include providing training to reserve staff. Community outreach and education will be intensified in and around each reserve and nearby protected areas in the network.
Project: Border to Border: Migratory Bird Conservation in the Caribbean Region of Guatemala.
Location: Department of Izabal, Guatemala.
Grantee: Foundation for Ecodevelopment and Conservation (FUNDAECO).
Contact: Marco Cerezo, (502) 2369-0231/98,
Partners: Dutch Cooperation (federal agency), French Fund for the Global Environment (FFEM), and The Nature Conservancy.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $122,850.
Matching Funds: $398,700.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0111.
Guatemala’s Caribbean-region forests are very biologically diverse, but face enormous threats and rapid deforestation. Project partners will expand their bird conservation and monitoring efforts, currently focused on Cerro San Gil, to the entire region—particularly in critical areas where threats are highest or significant gaps in biological information exist. Project partners will use a mix of traditional and innovative land conservation tools to protect 1,800 hectares of priority habitat for migratory songbirds in the country’s Caribbean region. Four bird-banding sites will be established, and 20 local biologists, field technicians, and volunteers will be trained in preparation for surveying and monitoring migratory and resident birds region-wide. Results will be used to evaluate bird conservation needs and guide management decisions across the region. Partners also will conduct outreach to local communities and schools to raise awareness about the importance of conserving birds and forest habitats.
Project: Bird Conservation in the Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park.
Location: Surrey, Jamaica.
Grantee: Jamaica Conservation and Development Trust.
Contact: Susan Otuokon, (876) 960-2848-9,
Partners: Environmental Foundation of Jamaica, World Bank Small Grants Programme, Grace Kennedy Foundation, Jamaica Protected Areas Trust Fund, Inter-American Development Bank,
JAMPRO/Private Sector Development Project, and UNESCO-Youth PATH Project.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $179,992.
Matching Funds: $544,966.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0131.
In and around the 193,000-acre Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park, project partners will use an integrated approach to bird habitat conservation that will help to also ensure the sustainable management of the park and improve the livelihoods of communities in its buffer zone. Partners will restore 60 acres of bird habitat by planting trees in degraded forested areas of the park and by promoting agro-forestry practices in the farmed areas of the buffer zone. Partners will collect and analyze data on the abundance and distribution of birds in the park and its buffer zone, and train park rangers in monitoring birds and threats. Another project component involves helping to support the Park’s Ranger Corps in their duties to enforce the park’s protection and laws; another yet will provide outreach and education to the local communities about sustainable management of natural resources.
Project: Aros/Yaqui Rivers Habitat Conservation.
Location:Sierra Los Pavos and Sierra Zetasora, Aros/Yaqui River Basins, State of Sonora, Mexico.
Grantee: Northern Jaguar Project.
Contact: Diana Hadley, (520) 621-6279,
Partners: None.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $66,025.
Matching Funds: $200,075.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
BCR: 34.
Ecoregion: NA0201.
In 2003, Naturalia, a Mexican nonprofit organization, purchased a 10,000-acre ranch just south of the confluence of the Aros, Yaqui, and Bavispe Rivers, and turned it into Los Pavos Reserve—the first private wildlife sanctuary in Sonora. In addition to providing habitat for Neotropical migratory birds, the reserve helps to protect the State’s northernmost population of jaguars. Now, the Northern Jaguar Project is building upon Naturalia’s efforts by purchasing the 40,000-acre Rancho Zetasora adjacent to the reserve. Naturalia will hold title to the property and use it to expand the reserve. Migratory bird and vegetation surveys also will be conducted on the property, better informing the development of conservation and management plans for the expanded site.
Project: Building the Local Capacity for Neotropical Bird Habitat Restoration, Monitoning, Conservation, and Management at Rancho Los Fresnos.
Location: Municipality of Santa Cruz, State of Sonora, Mexico.
Grantee: Biodiversity and Harmonious Development (BIDA).
Contact: Eduardo Ernesto López Saavedra, [011] (52) (662) 215-5631,
Partners: Naturalia and The Nature Conservancy.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $190,000.
Matching Funds: $570,000.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
BCR: 34.
Ecoregion: NA0302.
The 3,877-hectare Los Fresnos Ranch in northeast Sonora had been well-managed for cattle ranching for more than 100 years. In 2005, the owner sold it to project partners, who designated it as a private reserve for the long-term protection of wildlife habitat. Some 200 species of migratory birds have been recorded in the project area, located in the Río San Pedro watershed. In this project, partners will assess the reserve’s importance to Neotropical birds regionally by collecting baseline data. Partners also will restore 20 hectares of riparian corridor habitat and 12 hectares of cienegas through the installation of gabions and the replanting of native vegetation. Another 23 hectares of associated habitat will benefit from these actions. Locally and regionally, communities will be educated about and involved in project activities, and basic infrastructure for a laboratory and field station will be developed to accommodate persons researching and monitoring migratory birds.
Project: Community Based Habitat Restoration, Protection, and Education in the Sinforosa-Urique Corridor.
Location: Municipalities of Guadalupe y Calvo, Batopilas, Guachochi, Balleza, and Urique, State of Chihuahua, Mexico.
Grantee: Sierra Madre Alliance.
Contact: Randall Gingrich, [011] (52) (614) 410-5551,
Partners: Sierra Tarahumara Ecoregional Council (CESTAC).
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $117,000.
Matching Funds: $351,000.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
BCR: 34.
Ecoregion: NA0302.
Much of this project focuses on micro-watersheds inhabited solely by indigenous people in the Sinforosa-Urique Corridor. Their appreciation for the connection between healthy old-growth forests (traditionally marked by an abundance of birds) and the surrounding watershed’s ability to sustain their basic needs provides incentives for watershed and riparian restoration actions. Project partners will train and work with local community groups to restore up to 6 kilometers of riparian habitat, and will develop agreements with them for the long-term management of the habitat. Partners also will conduct ecotourism planning and provide guide training and environmental education. Community members additionally will participate in creating a bio-cultural map of the ejidos (communal lands) in the project area, noting their location, biological resources, conservation priorities, and land-use practices.
Project: Conservation and Restoration of Migatory Bird Habitat in Chiapas.
Location: Municipalities of Jitotol, Pueblo Nuevo Solistahuacán, Tapalapa, San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Huistán, Tenejapa, La Trinitaria, and La Independencia, State of Chiapas, Mexico.
Grantee: Biodiversity, Conservation, and Restoration (BIOCORES).
Contact: Angelica Camacho Cruz, [011] (52) (967) 678-8551,
Partners: The College of the Southern Frontier (ECOSUR).
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $45,300.
Matching Funds: $135,900.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
BCR: 58.
Ecoregion: NT0113.
In Chiapas, most of the original pine, pine-oak, and evergreen cloud forests’ cover has been severely impacted or fragmented by human activities, allowing secondary habitats to prevail. Project partners will establish pilot plantation plots containing a total of 12,000 saplings representing at least 20 timber and non-timber native tree species to restore habitat connectivity among forest fragments. Survival and growth of the planted seedlings will be monitored. Partners will map the distribution of critical forested habitats and identify which sites will best enhance the functioning of forest corridors for migratory bird species. Partners also will define qualitative and quantitative criteria to guide long-term forest restoration actions for the benefit of wildlife. Additionally, among the indigenous Mayan communities of the Highlands region of Chiapas, partners will share widely what can be considered “best practices” for forest development and wildlife habitat conservation.
Project: Conservation of Grasslands for Neotropical Migratory Birds in Northeast Tamaulipas.
Location: Municipalities of San Fernando, Abasolo, and Soto la Marina, State of Tamaulipas, Mexico.
Grantee: Pronatura Noreste.
Contact: Alfonso Banda Valdez, [011] (52) (818) 345-1045,
Partners: Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $96,558.
Matching Funds: $294,750.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
BCR: 36.
Ecoregion: NA1312.
The altered and degraded native grassland ecosystem of northeast Tamaulipas is among the most threatened in North America. Loss of habitat is believed to be a major factor in the overall decline of the continent’s grassland-associated bird populations. Project partners will work with the owner of the 61,776-acre Rancho Loreto, located in the buffer zone of the Laguna Madre and Rio Bravo Delta Natural Protected Area, to secure a long-term protection agreement, similar to a conservation easement, on the property. The ranch contains healthy grassland and associated thornscrub habitat important to migratory grassland birds, particularly during the winter or nonbreeding season. Partners will collect baseline ecological information on the property, including bird population density and habitat preferences, plant composition and distribution, and soil character. A management plan will be developed and piloted on 25,000 of the project acres.
Project: Conservation of Threatened Corridors in El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve.
Location: State of Chiapas, Mexico.
Grantee: El Triunfo Conservation Fund.
Contact: Ana Valerie Mandri Rohen, [011] (52) (961) 613-4422,
Partners: National Protected Natural Areas Commission (CONANP)-El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve, The Nature Conservancy, and Pronatura Chiapas.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $205,400.
Matching Funds: $629,000.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
BCR: 60.
Ecoregion: NT0112, NT0162, NT0209, and NT0303.
The 119,177-hectare El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve is one of the most important bird conservation areas in Mexico—some 394 species have been recorded. The reserve’s core and buffer areas sustain several of the largest patches of cloud forest found in the country. Conversion to agricultural uses, forest fires, and uncontrolled logging are major threats to habitat-conservation efforts in and around the reserve. Project partners will work with private and communal land owners in priority areas to establish legal land-conservation mechanisms that will protect forest resources and secure connectivity between two important core areas in the southeastern part of the reserve. Partners also will advance the successful alternative-income initiative they piloted within the reserve community, based on the sustainable use of non-timber forest products. Additional conservation incentives will be identified and implemented within the surrounding communities. Through the North American Bird Conservation Initiative’s network of partners, project partners will seek opportunities to cooperate tri-nationally with others towards conserving “the reserve’s birds” throughout their migration and breeding grounds as well.
Project: Conservation Status of Snowy Plovers Breeding in Mexico.
Location: States of Baja California and Chiapas, Mexico.
Grantee: Pronatura Noroeste.
Contact: Eduardo Palacios, [011] (52) (612) 121-2800,
Partners: Pronatura Noreste, Pronatura Veracruz, Pronatura Península de Yucatán, Pronatura Chiapas, Biological Research Center of the Northwest (CIBNOR), and Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education of Ensenada (CICESE).
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $98,424.
Matching Funds: $394,250.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
BCR: 32,33,40,42,55, and 56.
Ecoregion: NA0201, NA0302, NA0526, NA1201, NA1301, NA1306, NA1310, NA1311, NA1312, NT0148, NT0176, NT0181, NT0205, NT0227, NT0230, NT0235, NT0302, NT0310, NT1314, NT1403, and NT1404.
The number of breeding snowy plovers in Mexico is largely undocumented, especially within its coastal breeding range. The Yucatán and Baja California Peninsulas are of primary concern to conservationists, where key habitats are threatened by tourist development and shrimp farms. The Pacific Coast population of this species in the United States is listed as a federally threatened distinct population segment, but it is not listed in Mexico. Project partners will assess snowy plovers’ distribution and abundance in coastal Mexico, using the resulting data to evaluate the species’ status for listing under Mexico’s Federal Species Program. Partners will conduct breeding bird surveys, monitor important plover areas, identify threats to the species and its habitats, and provide the information to resource managers. The surveys will be conducted in at least six Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network sites, 50 Important Bird Areas (AICAs), and several natural protected areas. Comprehensive conservation or management plans for this vulnerable shorebird will then be developed and implemented across the species’ range.
Project: Linking Mexico’s Key Regions and Sites for Birds of Concern, Phase II.
Location: Countrywide.
Grantee: National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO).
Contact: Humberto Berlanga, [011] (52) (555) 528-9176,
Partners: Cornell Lab of Ornithology, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), National Audubon Society, and Pronatura, A.C.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $66,000.
Matching Funds: $203,000.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
BCR: Countrywide.
Ecoregion: Countrywide.
In the first phase of this project, partners initiated the process of updating, analyzing, and prioritizing information about the Important Bird Area (IBA) network from the perspective of conserving Neotropical migratory birds. In this second phase, partners will build upon their accomplishments by documenting in detail the occurrence of Neotropical migratory bird species of conservation concern within Mexico’s protected areas, IBAs, Bird Conservation Regions, and Terrestrial Priority Regions. The most critical species will be identified as well as threats, the sites most important to their conservation, and opportunities for action. Partners will disseminate information gained through this project to all stakeholders in Mexico, the United States, and Canada, and will propose recommendations for conservation actions at local, regional, and continental scales. A primary conduit for communicating project results and recommendations to international partners will be the North American Bird Conservation Initiative network.
Project: Rio San Bernardino Wetlands Restoration and Protection.
Location: Rio San Bernardino Basin, State of Sonora, Mexico.
Grantee: Cuenca Los Ojos, A.C.
Contact: Valer Austin, (520) 824-3566,
Partners: None.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $100,000.
Matching Funds: $300,100.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
BCR: 34.
Ecoregion: NA1303.
The Rio San Bernardino basin is located amidst several conservation areas near the U.S.-Mexico border in the Mexican State of Sonora. Previous habitat protection and restoration efforts in the basin’s arid, eroded landscape, which is dominated by cattle grazing, have been critical to securing a corridor for migratory birds and other wildlife in the region. In this project, the grantee will continue to work with local partners and community members to improve ecological functions within the watershed through restoration actions. Approximately 1,200 acres of upland grasslandsassociated with the Rio San Bernardino will be reseeded with native species,providing migratory bird habitat and protecting degraded soils from further erosion, which in turn will help to improve the surrounding water quality. The grantee also will share lessons learned from this reseeding project with other stakeholders and landowners across the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, and encourage them to initiative similar conservation efforts on their lands.
Project: Sanctuaries in Old Growth Forests of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Phase II.
Location: State of Chihuahua, Mexico.
Grantee: Pronatura Noreste.
Contact: Miguel Ángel Cruz Nieto, [011] (52) (818) 345-1045 extension 24,
Partners: Institute of Technology and Advanced Studies-Monterrey (ITESM), landowners, National Forestry Commission (CONAFOR), and National Protected Natural Areas Commission (CONANP).
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $240,456.
Matching Funds: $827,184.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
BCR: 34.
Ecoregion: NA0302.
Most of the Sierra Madre Occidental region’s old-growth forest habitat has been lost due to a long history of uncontrolled logging and fires. Project partners will protect in perpetuity old-growth forests on the privately owned, 4,857-hectare Rancho Pitoreal by acquiring 2,500 of the hectares and obtaining an ecological easement on the remaining 2,357 hectares. Within the nearby ejidos Conoachi, Tutuaca, El Largo, and 5 de Mayo, partners will manage a total of 10,000 hectares containing forest-use rights as well as rights to the use of payment-of-environmental-services areas (acquired by the ejidos). In addition, partners will design and implement the payment-for-environmental-services system on eight other ejidos covering a total of 8,000 hectares. Support will be given to the creation of two new Natural Protected Areas—the 2,800-hectare Madera Sanctuary and the 500,000-hectare Janos Biosphere Reserve—each now in the final stage of the process. Also, partners will help to strengthen conservation actions for Ejido Tutuaca’s 350,000 hectares and for Ejido Papigochi’s 243,000 hectares.
Project: Integrated Management of Diverse Island Habitats Significant for Neotropical Migrants.
Location: Island of Ometepe, Lake Nicaragua, Nicaragua.
Grantee: Fauna & Flora International.
Contact: Alison Gunn, [44] (0) (122) 357-9726,
Partners: British American Tobacco (Central America), Amigos de la Tierra, Dutch Directorate General for International Cooperation, United Kingdom’s Department for International Development, United Kingdom’s Foreign & Commonwealth Office, United Nations Development Programme/Global Environment Facility, Nicaraguan Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARENA), Cooperative Carlos Diaz, Between the Volcanoes Foundation (FEV), and Maderas Volcano Natural Reserve.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $120,305.
Matching Funds: $361,618.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT0209 and NT0119.
The 276-square-kilometer Island of Ometepe, situated in Lake Nicaragua, is comprised of two protected volcanoes—Maderas and Concepción—that are joined by a wetland isthmus. More than 130 species of migratory birds were recorded at Maderas during a 2005 bird census. Threats to the island’s habitats stem from a lack of clarity in protected-area regulations and adequate numbers of enforcement personnel, uncontrolled tourism, discrepancies in land ownership rights and laws, agricultural expansion, and wildlife trafficking. Project partners will help to build and strengthen local capacity to address these threats and manage the Maderas Volcano Natural Reserve and the Istian isthmus for conservation, including training guards and guides and improving physical infrastructure. Partners also will develop a comprehensive biodiversity monitoring program focusing on forest and wetland migratory birds; enhance the legal and physical protection of key habitats on the island; and raise local, national, and international awareness about the island’s conservation value.
Project: Restoration and Sustainable Use of Ashton Lagoon: Participatory Planning, I.
Location: Union Island, St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
Grantee: Society for the Conservation and Study of Caribbean Birds.
Contact: Lisa Sorenson, (617) 353-2462,
Partners: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, BirdLife International, The Sustainable Grenadines Project, University of Victoria, Yale University, Global Coral Reef Alliance, AvianEyes, Union Island Association for Ecological Preservation, Union Island Ecotourism Movement, Grenadine Dive, and Union Island Tourism Board.
Funding Approved: April 2006.
Grant: $38,170.
Matching Funds: $121,080.
Nonmatching Funds: None.
Ecoregion: NT1416.
Ashton Lagoon, the largest lagoon in the Grenadines, contains a range of important habitat types that support wintering and migrating populations of seabirds, waterbirds, shorebirds, and landbirds, as well as commercially important fish and invertebrates. Despite it being officially designated as a conservation area, a large-scale development project was approved within the lagoon. The project was eventually abandoned, but the initial construction is impeding the lagoon’s water circulation, causing major and immediate damage to associated reefs, seagrasses, mangroves, and fisheries. Project partners will involve all local, public and private stakeholders in designing a long-term, conservation-minded management plan for the lagoon, beginning with a 3-day planning workshop. The management plan will address the lagoon’s many conservation needs, including removal of impediments to the lagoon’s natural hydrologic flow, restoration of marine and coastal habitats, and reestablishment of aquatic and coastal flora and fauna. Project partners also will carry out various environmental education programs and activities to raise the local community’s and ecotourists’ awareness about the ecological importance of Ashton Lagoon.
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