Georgia Ecological Services Field Offices
Southeast Region
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Monarch on pink flower

Photo Credit: Dawn Chappel


Monarch Conservation in Georgia

Migration Map: Journey North

The monarch butterfly is a candidate for federal protection under the ESA. This species is found in open habitats state-wide and relies heavily on a variety of native milkweed species and nectar producing plants. Recommended conservation measures include:

  • [1] planting (recommended) or seeding of native milkweed and native nectar plants with an aim for diversity of species and bloom timing (note: organically grown Georgia sourced plants are best; Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is not native to Georgia and is an invasive concern; and Tropical milkweed (Asclepias curassavica) is also not native and potentially harmful);
  • [2] brush removal to promote habitat with native milkweed and native nectar-producing plants;
  • [3] targeted hardwood control when thinning woodlands on timber lands and selecting herbicides that preserve the herbaceous layer of plants when doing soil prep;
  • [4] prescribed burning (outside the growing season for native milkweeds; in patches or smaller units is recommended) to promote suitable habitat on a 2-3 year rotation in the Piedmont, 2 year rotation on the coastal plain, and 3-5 year rotation in the mountains;
  • [5] creating or preserving suitable habitat on idle lands or set-asides (see link below for additional guidance);
  • [6] conservation mowing (i.e. mowing only November – March) to enhance native floral resource habitat;
  • [7] targeted herbicide treatments (outside the growing season of native milkweeds) to restore suitable habitat; and
  • [8] invasive species management.
  • Information on milkweed plants native to Georgia and links to additional resources can be found here.

    Conservation and Citizen Science Projects

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    Last updated: September 23, 2021