Ivory-Billed Woodpecker

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Learn more about the search for the Ivory-billed Woodpecker here.

View the Ivory-billed Woodpecker Recovery Plan.

Ivory-billed WoodpeckerIvory-billed Woodpecker (Campephilus principalis)
Status: Endangered
Listed: March 11, 1967 (under the Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966)

For questions regarding the Ivory-billed Woodpecker in Arkansas, please contact Jason Phillips at jason_phillips@fws.gov or 870-347-1617.

Species Facts:
This large woodpecker was thought to be extinct until a possible Arkansas discovery in 2004 in the Cache River National Wildlife Refuge. It has striking black and white plumage, a white, chisel-tipped bill, yellow eyes and a pointed crest. Males have a red crest edged in black, while females have a more pointed, solid black crest. Although no clearly documented data is available, the Ivory-billed Woodpecker is thought to have an overall length of approximately 18-20 inches (48-51 cm), a wingspan of 30-32 inches (76-80 cm) and weigh 1-1.25 pounds (454-567 g). Their diet consists of wood boring beetles found in dead and dying trees, occasionally supplemented with fruit and vegetable material.

Habitat Summary:
This elusive bird once inhabited contiguous mature bottomland floodplain hardwood forests with numerous large trees and with a significant portion of the forest in some stage of decay. Cavities are excavated in a dead or dying portion of a live tree. Nuttall oak and sweetgum were favored trees during a notable study.

Why is it endangered?
The clearing of the bottomland hardwood forests was the primary cause for the decline of this species.

View the Ivory-billed Woodpecker Recovery Plan. Learn more about the search for the Ivory-billed Woodpecker here.

Range in Arkansas:

Arkansas Field Office
110 S. Amity Road
Suite 300
Conway, AR 72032

501/513 4470 (v)
501/513 4480 (f)

Last Updated: December 30, 2015

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