Ivory-billed Woodpecker (Campephilus principalis)
Listed: March 11, 1967 (under the Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966)
For questions regarding the Ivory-billed Woodpecker in Arkansas, please contact Jason Phillips at firstname.lastname@example.org or 870-347-1617.
This large woodpecker was thought to be extinct until a possible Arkansas discovery in 2004 in the Cache River National Wildlife Refuge. It has striking black and white plumage, a white, chisel-tipped bill, yellow eyes and a pointed crest. Males have a red crest edged in black, while females have a more pointed, solid black crest. Although no clearly documented data is available, the Ivory-billed Woodpecker is thought to have an overall length of approximately 18-20 inches (48-51 cm), a wingspan of 30-32 inches (76-80 cm) and weigh 1-1.25 pounds (454-567 g). Their diet consists of wood boring beetles found in dead and dying trees, occasionally supplemented with fruit and vegetable material.
This elusive bird once inhabited contiguous mature bottomland floodplain hardwood forests with numerous large trees and with a significant portion of the forest in some stage of decay. Cavities are excavated in a dead or dying portion of a live tree. Nuttall oak and sweetgum were favored trees during a notable study.
Why is it endangered?
The clearing of the bottomland hardwood forests was the primary cause for the decline of this species.
View the Ivory-billed Woodpecker Recovery Plan. Learn more about the search for the Ivory-billed Woodpecker here.
Range in Arkansas: