Archie Carr National Wildlife Refuge
Southeast Region
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Priority Issues from the Intergovernmental Coordination Planning Team

Recommended Priority Issues for Archie Carr National Wildlife Refuge from the Intergovernmental Coordination Planning Team

  • Land Acquisition
  • Coordinated Land Management (exotics, habitat restoration & conservation, fragmentation/connectivity, cultural/archaeological/historical sites)
  • Funding & Staffing
  • "Listed" Species (species on any list, genetic decline)
  • Beach Issues (armoring, lighting, renourishment)
  • Education (school kids, residents, visitors, ecological, cultural/archaeological/historical)
  • Research
  • Human Use (recreation, use, cumulative impacts, access, eco-tours, pollution, trash/litter, water quality, visitor services)
  • Encroachment & Adjacent Development
  • Public Relations


Land Acquisition

  • Increase funding to purchase available lands (which meet Refuge goals) as they become available from willing sellers to manage lands for Refuge purposes (to prevent development)
  • Coordinate land acquisition (which is a triage effort) between the involved agencies and entities
  • Develop a long term plan to seek and acquire developed lands and restore those sited (e.g., Mellon) (e.g., Texas, North Carolina, and South Carolina examples) (CCCL and Aquarina example)


Coordinated Land Management -- (exotics, habitat restoration & conservation, fragmentation/connectivity, cultural/archaeological/historical sites)

  • Continue intergovernmental coordination in order to manage the lands as 1 Refuge
  • Control and eradicate invasive exotics
  • Restore and conserve habitat to provide for species on any list, as well as for native diversity
  • Limit fragmentation and restore connectivity, where possible
  • Protect cultural, archaeological, and historical sites
  • Need 1 Plan (and buy in)
  • Funding and staffing
  • Issues associated with a change in public officials
  • Regulations ­ need to be enforced, need to be more strict
  • Education/understanding of Refuge management activities (e.g., fire)
  • Non-governmental partners (e.g., HSWRI, Mellon, residents, business owners, community)


Funding & Staffing

  • To manage resources effectively, provide visitor services, provide education, conduct and provide opportunities for research, provide for compatible recreational opportunities
  • Lacking ­ need dedicated, ongoing, permanent
  • Lack commitment (e.g., FWS)
  • Potential for generation of revenue for ACNWR (user fees, donations, friends group, grants, "sea turtle viewing fees") (might need to change the state's policy on turtle walk donations)
  • For Visitor Center


"Listed" Species & Native Diversity

(species on any list, genetic decline)
  • Recovery of declining species and habitats
  • Predation
  • Revegetation & reintroduction
  • Exotic removal
  • Genetic Diversity
  • Conserving natural phenomena (e.g., mass sea turtle nesting and mass land crab movements)


Beach Issues -- (armoring, lighting, renourishment)

  • Need new regulations
  • Need to enforce existing regulations
  • Need flexibility in dealing with existing regulations to meet ecological goals
  • Armoring, lighting, and renourishment all can damage future of sea turtles
  • Not enough natural beach left
  • Refuge has little or no control over armoring, lighting, and renourishment on adjacent lands (also, permitting based on engineering criteria, but need biological input, data, and research!)
  • State coastal permit does not say how to account for comments from FWC or FWS (the interaction of the agencies and commenting in the permitting process is not well defined)


Education -- (school kids, residents, visitors, ecological, cultural/archaeological/historical, the press/media)

  • We need it!
  • Need to achieve appropriate behavior around sensitive species and habitats
  • Increase ecological understanding
  • Increase ability to obtain funding, bonds, grants,...
  • Teach residents about how to live in and around the Refuge and on a barrier island
  • Intergovernmental coordination ­ should have 1 message from all involved agencies (e.g., IFAS, FWS, WMD, DEP, counties,...)
  • Through a Visitor Center
  • Videos should be produced ­ programs should be available for teachers (canned presentations)



  • We need it!
  • Need the data to help determine success of a program, species,... and help point future direction for management and future research
  • Coordinate research efforts
  • Ensure dissemination of the research after completed (through special use permits,...)
  • Need a lab/center
  • Funnel research and results to education, public relations, scientific journals, magazines, newspapers,... (through friends group)


Human Uses --- (recreation, use, cumulative impacts, access, eco-tours, pollution, trash/litter, water quality, visitor services)

  • Result in negative impacts to resources
  • Can result in support for Refuge and management activities
  • Need to determine carrying capacity
  • Need human use management plan ­ humans impact and support Refuge and resources
  • Sociological research ­ Who? Doing what? Where? Impacts? Motivations? Can result in designation of use areas, education of users, and decreased conflicts between users


Encroachment & Adjacent Development

  • Related to human uses
  • Negative impacts to resources


Public Relations

  • Related to education
  • We need to do it
  • We don't do it well now ­ How to do it well?
  • Need residents to support actions
  • County tourism offices might offer some help
  • Educate the press/media
  • CCC/STSL, Friends of the Carr Refuge ­ can do a lot of this
  • Don't oversell or will get too many people and access and impacts will become problems
  • Target responsible use!

Last updated: May 26, 2010
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