Archie Carr National Wildlife Refuge
Southeast Region
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What is a Comprehensive Conservation Plan?

It is the policy of the US Fish and Wildlife Service to manage all lands within the National Wildlife Refuge System in accordance with an approved comprehensive conservation plan, as required under the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997. These plans outline a vision for each refuge; guide management decisions; and outline goals, objectives and strategies to achieve the visions and purposes of each refuge unit. The plans will provide other agencies and the public with an understanding of the management strategies to be implemented. These plans further the missions of the US Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Wildlife Refuge System

Generally, a Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP):

  • Is a 15-year refuge management plan,
  • Serves the purposes of the refuge,
  • Describes the desired future conditions of a refuge,
  • Provides consistency and continuity, and
  • Provides long-range guidance and management direction for a refuge manager.

CCP Process:

  • Conduct Preplanning
  • Conduct Public Scoping
  • Prepare a Draft CCP
  • Conduct Internal Review
  • Hold a Public Review and Comment Period
  • Create a Final CCP
  • Approve a Finding of No Significant Impact
  • Implement and Monitor the CCP over 15 Years
  • Review & Revise the Plan within 15 Years


For more information on the National Wildlife Refuge System:
General Information
US Code, Title 16, Chapter 5A, Subchapter III, ยง668dd

General Planning Questions?
The Citizen's Wildlife Refuge Planning Handbook (by Defenders of Wildlife)
FWS Planning Policy (see Part 602, Refuge Planning)
FWS, Southeast Region's Planning

Last updated: May 26, 2010
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