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Refuge Rights-of-Way & Easements

Alaska National Interests Lands Conservation Act Title XI Transportation and Utility Systems Rights-of-Way

With the passage of the Alaska National Interests Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) on December 2, 1980, Congress addressed Alaska’s largely undeveloped transportation and utility network in Title XI (Transportation and Utility Systems In and Across, and Access Into, Conservation System Units). In response to Alaska’s anticipated future requirements for transportation and utility systems and to minimize adverse impacts to conservation system units, such as National Wildlife Refuges, Congress provided an orderly, continuous decisionmaking process involving Federal and State governments and the public.

Title XI rights-of-way are issued according to both the ANILCA and the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966, as amended by the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997. These rights-of-way are specifically used for transportation and utility systems within conservation system units, including National Wildlife Refuge System lands administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service.

Transportation and Utility Systems include but are not limited to: canals, pipelines, electrical transmission and distribution systems, radio and television systems, roads, landing strips, docks and other systems of general transportation.

Links to Statutes and Regulations

Alaska National Interests Lands Conservation Act
United States Code
Title 16; Subchapter IV;Transportation and Utility Systems in and Across, and Access into, Conservation System Units

Transportation and Utility Systems in and Across, and Access Into, Conservation System
Units in Alaska
Code of Federal Regulations
Title 43; Part 36

National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966, as amended by the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997
United States Code
Title 16; Chapter 5A; Subchapter III; Sec. 668dd

Rights-of-Way General Regulations
Code of Federal Regulations
50 C.F.R. Sec. 29; Land Use Management; Subpart B

Rights-of-Way and Road Closing
Fish and Wildlife Service Manual, 340 FW 3

How to Apply
Access to Inholdings
Special Access
Temporary Access

Last updated: August 26, 2008

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