USFWS
Migratory Bird Management
Alaska Region

Waterfowl

North American Waterfowl Management Plan

The North American Waterfowl Management Plan is a strategy developed by the Canadian, Mexican, and United States governments to restore North America’s waterfowl populations through habitat protection, restoration, and enhancement. The success of the plan is largely dependent upon the strength of partnerships, called Joint Ventures, involving federal, state, provincial, tribal, and local governments, businesses, conservation organizations, and individual citizens. The model established by the North American Waterfowl Management Plan has been used by wildlife conservation plans that have followed. As of the end of 2003, Plan partners have invested more than $2.2 billion to protect, restore, and/or enhance more than 8 million acres of habitat.

Pacific Common Eider Action Plan (pdf - 1.4mb) Pacific common eider (Somateria mollissima v-nigra) was selected as a focal species as part of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Migratory Bird Program’s Focal Species Strategy (USFWS 2005).  For the purposes of this Action Plan, the target population includes all populations within Alaska and western Canadian Arctic as well as those North American breeders that winter in Russia.  This Plan reviews the natural history, population status, and known limiting factors, and identifies management actions for consideration as means to improve the status of this species.

Last Updated: October 19, 2009