USFWS
Marine Mammals Management
Alaska Region

 

Polar Bear Deterrence Training Manual

Instructor Guide

MODULE

Page No.

1.0

INTRODUCTION

i

2.0

LAWS GUIDING DETERRENCE

T2-1

3.0

INTRODUCTION TO DETERRENCE

T3-1

4.0

DETERRENTS INTRODUCTION

T4-1

4.1

Visual / Auditory Introduction

T4-1

4.1.1

Humans

T4-2

4.1.2

Vehicles

T4-4

4.1.3

Helicopters

T4-8

4.1.4

Lighting

T4-14

4.1.5

Horns & Sirens

T4-16

4.1.6

Dogs

T-18

4.2

PYROTECHNICAL DETERRENTS INTRODUCTION

T4-20

4.2.1

Pencil Launched Pyrotechnics

T4-21

4.2.2

Pistol Type Launchers

T4-29

4.2.3

Pistol Type Pyrotechnics

T4-35

4.2.4

12 Gauge Shotgun

T4-42

4.2.5

Shotgun Pyrotechnics

T4-50

4.3

DIRECT CONTACT DETERRENTS

T4-57

4.3.1

Rubber Projectiles

T4-58

4.3.2

Beanbag Projectiles

T4-64

4.3.3

Oleoresin Capsicum

T4-68

4.3.4

Paintballs Projectiles

T4-72

4.4.1

Deterrent Range Chart

T4-77

5.0

LETHAL ACTION

T5-1

6.0

POLAR BEAR ECOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR

T6-1

6.1

SEASONAL DISTRIBUTION

T6-8

6.2

BEAR / HUMAN INTERACTIONS

T6-16

6.3

POLAR BEAR APPROACHES

T6-20

7.0

DETERRENT PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES

T7-1

8.0

LIVE FIRE RANGE EXCERCISE

T8-1

8.1

TARGET TEMPLATES

T8-8

8.2

TARGET STANDS

T8-12

8.3

LAUNCHER AND FIREARM – PRACTICAL EVALUATION

1

9.0

TRAINER GUIDELINES

T9-1

 

 

 

Last updated: March 2017