Through the candidate assessment process, our biologists identify species for which the best scientific and commercial data available indicate that a proposal for listing may be appropriate. Pursuant to Section 4 of the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the following listing factors are considered during the assessment process: the present or threatened destruction, modification, or curtailment of the species’ habitat or range; overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes; disease or predation; the inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; and other natural or man-made factors affecting the species’ continued existence.
Each year, our biologists consider new information, and re-assess the threats to species previously identified as candidates. This annual reanalysis, published in the Candidate Notice of Review, allows for the update of the species’ status until a proposal to list the species as endangered or threatened can be published in the Federal Register, or new information indicates that the species no longer needs protection under the ESA. Click here to read the annual Candidate Notice of Review and follow the status of all candidate species.
There are two species identified in Alaska as candidates for listing under the ESA: Yellow-billed loon (Gavia adamsii); and Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens). Both candidate species may occur within the Anchorage and/or Juneau Field Office’s geographic area. A recent court settlement established a schedule for the US Fish and Wildlife Service to submit either 1) a proposed rule to list or 2) a finding that listing is not warranted for Yellow-billed loon in 2014, and Pacific walrus in 2017. To learn more about Yellow-billed loons, click here, and Pacific walrus, click here.
To learn more about candidate conservation process, please visit our national Candidate Conservation webpage.