Science Excellence

Technology Transfer

Technology transfer is the process of spreading information, knowledge, and expertise from the federal government to the private sector and the public. This is done to accelerate innovation; advance the nation’s economic, social, and environmental well-being; and increase economic competitiveness. Technology transfer also increases the availability of and access to tools, equipment, devices, objects, techniques, systems, and methods of organization that embody such information, knowledge, and expertise.

Most simply, technology transfer programs disseminate scientific and technical information and knowledge and associated technology so that they are available for use.

Technology transfer can be facilitated by several types of activities:

Technology transfer is mandated by law. Federal research agencies must support activities to enhance the awareness, adoption, and use of their technology products.

Technology Transfer in the Fish and Wildlife Service

The transfer of Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) technology and knowledge to the public and collaborators accelerates the adoption and use of agency research, while improving the economic and societal impact from Service research and development (R&D) investments and helping solve natural resource related problems. The Service’s technology transfer activities include (but are not limited to) publishing, exchanging scientific and technical information, protecting and licensing intellectual property rights, and making available for scientific or technical purposes the expertise and specialized scientific material and resources the Service manages.

The DOI/FWS Technology Transfer Program and Policy allows Service employees to:

Highlights and Examples

Technology transfer occurs throughout the Service, but primarily within the Fish and Aquatic Conservation Program’s  Fish Health Centers,
Fish Technology Centers
, the Conservation Genetics Laboratory, the Aquatic Animal Drug Approval Program, and the Aquatic Invasive Species Program.  Results of applied research conducted at Service facilities are shared with conservation partners, including Federal, State, tribal, and non-government organizations to help inform and focus conservation actions.

The vast majority of Service technology transfer is conducted via public dissemination through traditional avenues such as peer reviewed journals, professional societies, reports, online sources, and fact sheets. However, the Service has also received four patents since 1998 and regularly participates in Cooperative Research and Development Agreements and other collaborative ventures.

Highlights of Service activities include:

Within the Service, the technology transfer function is shared between individual programs and the Office of the Science Advisor, the Division of Policy and Directives Management (PDM), and the Office of the Solicitor. For more information, please review DOI policy or contact:

For additional information about the Department of Interior’s Technology Transfer activities, policies, and reports, please visit the Department of the Interior’s technology transfer website.

Last updated: February 19, 2020

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