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Southeastern wildlife

The species profiles below are a one-stop-shop for information about the the Service's Southeast region is responsible for protecting and/or recovering.

  • A prehistoric fish with an elongated mouth with sharp teeth and armor-like scales on it’s back

    Alligator gar

    Taxon: Fish Range: Southeastern United States Status: Not listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) The alligator gar is the largest of seven species of gar found in North America, Central America, and Cuba. The species is sometimes referred to as a living fossil because scientists can trace them in the fossil record back 100 million years. Alligator gar are euryhaline, which means they’re able to survive in fresh and salty waters. Visit the species profile...

    Alligator gar. Photo by USFWS.

  • Fuzzy yellow and purple flowers emerging from a green grass-like stalk.

    American chaffseed

    American chaffseed is generally found in habitats described as open, moist pine flatwoods, fire-maintained savannas, and flowers from April to June in the South, and from June to mid-July in the North. Visit the species profile...

    American chaffseed © Robert Sincliar. Copyright release form S://EA/Photo Permissions/american-chaffseed.pdf

  • A mussel with fringe around its opening partially burried in the sand on the river bottom.

    Appalachian elktoe

    The Appalachian elktoe has a thin, kidney-shaped shell, extending to about 4 inches. Juveniles generally have a yellowish-brown periostracum (outer shell surface), while the periostracum of the adults is usually dark brown to greenish-black in color. Visit the species profile...

    Appalachian elktoe in the Little River Translyvania County NC. Photo by Gary Peeples, USFWS.

  • Seven small brownish-yellow mussels held in open hands by a biologist.

    Atlantic pigtoe

    The Atlantic pigtoe is a small freshwater clam found in Virginia, North Carolina, and historically in South Carolina and Georgia. Visit the species profile...

    Atlantic pigtoes ready for release. Photo by USFWS.

  • A purple/rust colored salamander walking on rocky substrate

    Berry Cave salamander

    The Berry Cave salamander is a member of the Tennessee cave salamander complex and has only been documented at 11 locations in four counties in eastern Tennessee: Knox, McMinn, Meigs, and Roane counties. Visit the species profile...

    Non metamorphosed Berry Cave salamander. Photo © Matthew Niemiller, used with permission.

  • A lobster-shaped and colored crayfish with tinges of rust and blue.

    Big Sandy crayfish

    The Big Sandy crayfish is a threatened freshwater crustacean found in streams and rivers in the Appalachian region. Visit the species profile...

    Big Sandy crayfish. Photo by Zachary Loughman, West Liberty University.

  • A light purple salamander with dark spots and tufts above its front legs.

    Black Warrior waterdog

    The Black Warrior waterdog is a large, aquatic, nocturnal salamander that permanently retains a larval form and external gills throughout its life. This species has been proposed for listing as Endangered and is only found in streams within the Black Warrior River Basin in Alabama. Visit the species profile...

    Black Warrior waterdog. Photo by Joseph Jenkins, Alabama Natural Heritage Program.

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