U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
Banner graphic displaying the Fish & Wildlife Service logo and National Wildlife Refuge System tagline

National Wildlife Refuge

9300 E. 28th Street
Yuma, AZ   85365
E-mail: holly_cyprian@fws.gov
Phone Number: 928-783-7861
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
Gray horizontal line
  Wildlife and Habitat

Continued . . .

Numerous animal species can be found in the vast desert environment of Kofa National Wildlife Refuge. Scanning the horizon, the desert can appear devoid of animal life. Yet upon closer inspection, it reveals burrows among bushes, rocks and even on the open plains -- homes to badgers, foxes, ground squirrels, pocket mice, and kangaroo rats.

Most desert mammals, especially the smaller ones, have adapted to survive with little water and receive needed moisture from plant material. Water conservation is an absolute necessity to mammals like the ringtail and mountain lion. Larger animals like desert bighorn sheep and mule deer cope with extreme temperatures during the day by staying within mountain caves and, in the case of the mule deer, finding respite under desert trees and overhanging banks. Bats, the only true flying mammals, find caves, crevices and mines ideal places to roost and are rarely seen in the daylight.

Kofa National Wildlife Refuge supports numerous amphibians and reptiles. The elusive and venomous Gila monster is the largest land lizard native to the United States and might be spotted while driving or hiking on a cool morning on the refuge. The western diamondback rattlesnake, chuckwalla, desert horned lizard, desert iguana, and the red-spotted toad are also common refuge residents.

- Back -