Mississippi Ecological Services Field Office
Southeast Region


Endangered Species

Mississippi Sandhill Crane Chick

Mississippi Sandhill Crane Chick. Credit: USFWS

Working together to protect plants and animals from extinction

Updated June 2018

Species List by County

This lists the federally threatened and endangered species by county for Mississippi. This list is intended for general informational use only. It does not replace the need for conducting on-site field work and it does not meet the requirements for consultation under sections 7 or 10 of the Endangered Species Act.

What is the Endangered Species Act?

Here is a link to the Endangered Species Act (ESA) document.


What are Endangered and Threatened Species? How Can I Help?

This gives a short definition of what endangered species are and lists ways that you can help endangered species.


Habitats Used by Endangered and Threatened Species in Mississippi

Habitats used by federally endangered or threatened species in Mississippi.


What is Critical Habitat?

Click this link to learn more about critical habitat. Critical habitat has been designated for only a few listed species in Mississippi.


What is a CCA or CCAA?

When an animal or plant is becoming rare and may be close to extinction, biologists with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service take protective measures to restore the species. One way we can help is with a Candidate Conservation Agreements (CCAs) or Candidate Conservation Agreements with Assurances (CCAAs). These are formal conservation agreements between the Service, Federal agencies, States, Tribes and non-governmental organizations who voluntarily commit to implement specific actions designed to remove or reduce extinction threats to species. These agreements can cover Federal and non-Federal land, as well as private land.

Bald Eagle Protocol

The American bald eagle was taken off of the endangered species list in 2007 but the eagle is still protected by both federal and state laws. The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act prohibits anyone without a permit from "taking" bald eagles, including their parts, nests and eggs. The Act defines "take" to include: pursuit, shooting, shooting at, poisoning, wounding, killing, capturing, trapping, collecting, molesting and disturbing. This page links to bald eagle permit process and this page links to the national bald eagle managment guidelines.

Conservation Planning Assistance and Federal Actions

The Conservation Planning Assistance or Federal Activities Program is responsible for evaluating federal water resource projects, Corps of Engineers permit applications and for conducting environmental impact assessments. Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act requires all Federal agencies to consult with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to ensure that actions they authorize, fund, permit or carry out are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of listed species or adversely modify critical habitat. If an agency's action may affect a listed species or critical habitat, the agency must initiate consultation with the Fish and Wildlife Service. Section 7 also applies to private individuals when their actions need a Federal permit or funding. What is consultation? To learn more about consultation and Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act, read this fact sheet.


adult gopher tortoise. Credit:  Randy Browning, USFWS
The gopher tortoise is a threatened species. Credit: Randy Browning, USFWS
biologist holding black bear cub.  Credit:  USFWS
Biologist taking measurements of Louisiana black bear cub. Credit: USFWS
Fat pocketbook mussel found in Mississippi River.
Endangered fat pocketbook mussel from the Mississippi River. Credit: Paul Hartfield, USFWS
biologist at Mississippi gopher frog pond.
Biologist collecting tadpoles. Credit: John Palis
Biologists measuring a gopher tortoise burrow. Credit:  Shauna Ginger, USFWS
Biologists measuring a gopher tortoise burrow. Credit: Shauna Ginger, USFWS
adult piping plover in nonbreeding plumage.  Credit:  USFWS
An endangered adult piping plover in nonbreeding plumage. Credit: USFWS
pallid sturgeon speciemen to be meassured in lab. Credit:  Terri Jacobson
An endangered pallid sturgeon juvenile in the lab. Credit: Terri Jacobson, USFWS
adult Mississippi gopher frog.  Credit Terri Jacobson
Mississippi gopher frog is an endangered species. Credit: Rich Seigel
Biologists in wet suit. Credit: USFWS
Biologist snorkels for endangered darters. Credit: USFWS
endangered pondberry showing the red berries.  Credit:  USFWS
Endangered pondberry plant. Credit: USFWS
biologist holding bat. Credit:  USFWS
Biologist holds a bat. Credit: USFWS
biolbogist holds a young sturgeon fish.  Credit:  USFWS
Biologist holds endangered sturgeon. Credit: USFWS

adult red-cockaded woodpecker bird
The red-cockaded woodpecker is an endangered species. Credit: USFWS


Last Updated: June 26, 2017