Wolf - Western Great Lakes
Midwest Region


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Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)

Archived Information - Control of Depredating Wolves in Michigan:
Biological Opinion: Issuance of permit under Section 10(a)(l)(A) to Michigan DNR for Gray Wolf Depredation Control Activities

PDF of entire Biological Opinion (33 pages)


Pursuant to section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 153 1 et seq.) (ESA), this biological opinion addresses the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service's (Service) issuance of an Endangered Species Act section lO(a)(l)(A) permit to Michigan Department of Natural Resources (MDNR) that would allow intentional take of gray wolves for conservation purposes. Specifically, the MDNR plans to lethally take gray wolves that have depredated livestock or other domestic animals. Since issuing a section 10(a)(1)(A) permit represents a Federal action, the Service must, pursuant to section 7 of the Act, ensure that issuance of the permit will not jeopardize the gray wolf. This biological opinion documents the Service's compliance with the section 7(a)(2) mandate and provides a take exemption for any incidental take which may occur.


For reasons discussed below, it is our biological opinion that issuance of a section 10(a)(1)(A) permit for MDNR's Wolf Depredation Program is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of gray wolves, nor any other listed species. Our biological opinion analyzed the impact of removing up to 1 1 % (1 0% intentional take, 1% incidental take) of Michigan's gray wolf population annually. Incidental take is based on the annual MDNR population estimate, so the actual number of wolves expected to be incidentally taken can be adjusted upon determination of each annual population estimate, if this permit is renewed in subsequent years.


Critical habitat has been designated for gray wolves on Isle Royale in Michigan. There is no other designated critical habitat for wolves in Michigan. As planned wolf depredation abatement activities will not occur on Isle Royale, critical habitat will not be affected.


PDF of entire Biological Opinion (33 pages)


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Last updated: September 12, 2016