Genoa National Fish Hatchery Conserving the nature of America

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Conserving the Nature of America

The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.

Aerial View of Genoa National Fish Hatchery
Aerial View of Genoa National Fish Hatchery. Photo by USFWS.

Who We Are

Genoa National Fish Hatchery has played a major role in the conservation of aquatic species since its founding in 1932. Over the last 75 years the mission of the hatchery has changed from providing sport fish for area waters to a conservation hatchery concerned with the recovery of endangered aquatic species. Current hatchery species include the Higgins eye pearly mussel, the winged mapleleaf mussel,sheepnose mussel, spectaclecase mussel, snuffbox mussel, lake sturgeon and coaster brook trout. Genoa National Fish Hatchery also works to fulfill federal tribal trust responsibilities by providing fish for stocking to meet specific tribal fishery objectives.

The Great River Road Interpretive Center first opened to visitors in 2018. The center focuses on the history and natural resources of the Upper Mississippi River, highlighting education of aquatic wildlife and the Battle of Bad Axe, the final battle of the Black Hawk War fought in 1832, which occurred just south of the hatchery.

The Interpretive Center is unique in that it was partially funded by a National Scenic Byways grant, which makes Genoa the first national fish hatchery to be awarded Department of Transportation, Federal Highway - National Scenic Byways funds.


How We Help

The station rears more than 26 aquatic species of varying life stages equating to more than 40 million fish, eggs and mussels to support management, restoration and research objectives all across the country, from New Mexico to Georgia. Since 2015, the hatchery has worked with partners to restore the rare Hine’s emerald dragonfly.


Tribal Trust Responsibilities

Genoa National Fish Hatchery assists numerous midwestern tribes in meeting their fishery management goals by providing seven different species of fish to tribal fishery biologists. Genoa National Fish Hatchery helps tribes restore native species, manage fish and mussel populations and provide recreational fishing opportunities. We are committed to meeting federal tribal trust responsibilities by assisting the tribes in meeting measurable fishery management objectives.