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Natural Resource Damage Assessment

Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District

 

Welcome sign to Viburnum, lead capital of the world

The Viburnum Trend is the number one lead (Pb) producing district in the United States, and at one time, the world.

Photo by USFWS; John Weber (2008)

 

Current Announcements

Trustee Agencies Plan to Restore the Little St. Francis River Pile at the Madison County Mines Site

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Missouri Department of Natural Resources, acting as trustees for natural resources, invite the public to an informational meeting on Tuesday, October 25, 2016, to learn about the trustees’ proposal to restore natural resources at the Little St. Francis River Pile site in Fredericktown..  The meeting will be from 7:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. at the Black River Electric Cooperative, 2600 Highway 67, Fredericktown, Missouri 63645.

 

Continue News Release » Adobe pdf icon

 

 

Trustees Seek Public Comment on Feasibility Study Proposal: Meramec River Ecosystem Restoration Feasibility Study

The Missouri DNR proposed to use $100,000 in restoration funds to partially fund a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Feasibility Study in the Meramec River Basin. The Feasibility Study is designed to identify ecosystem restoration opportunities in the Meramec River Basin, including the Big River watershed, which will help the Trustees to plan and design future restoration projects. 

 

The specific interest of the Missouri DNR in conjunction with the Fish and Wildlife Service is to plan and design restoration projects that compensate for injuries to resources in the Big River from releases from the Big River Mine Tailings site.  As a result, the top priority of the Trustees is for this Feasibility Study to identify restoration projects in the Big River itself.  

 

The public was invited to submit comments on this Restoration Planning Proposal.  The Trustees accepted comments for a thirty day time period, from August 16, 2016, through September 16, 2016.

 

Meramec River Ecosystem Restoration Feasibility Study Proposal Adobe pdf icon

 

For additional information concerning this restoration planning proposal, please contact Tim Rielly, MDNR at tim.rielly@dnr.mo.gov or (573) 522-3356. 

 

Three Proposals from Missouri DNR

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service supports the further exploration and full development of preliminary proposals submitted by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources for on-site restoration in southeast Missouri. The preliminary proposals submitted by Missouri DNR describe early ideas for restoration at three sites in Madison and St. Francois counties, Missouri. We encourage the Missouri DNR to work cooperatively with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to ensure that restoration and site clean-up activities proceed compatibly.

 

The encouragement to develop full restoration proposals is part of an ongoing Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration process conducted by co-trustees, including the Missouri Department of Natural Resources, the U.S. Forest Service and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced its support for further exploration so the public can be informed of the status of the restoration proposals.

 

Letter from Missouri DNR to the Service Introducing Proposals (dated April 6, 2016) Adobe pdf icon

 

Missouri DNR Proposals (dated April 6, 2016) Adobe pdf icon

 

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Response to Missouri DNR Proposals (dated June 7, 2016) Adobe pdf icon

 

 

News Release (March 18, 2016): Agencies Release Draft Plan to Study Movement of Heavy Metals in the Lead Mining Area of Southeast Missouri

The Missouri Trustee Council, which includes the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service and the Missouri Department of Natural Resources, is announcing that a draft study plan, “Damages Assessment Plan Addendum for Transition Zone Assessment at the Madison County Mines Site,” is available for public review and comment.

 

Continue News Release »

 

DRAFT Damages Assessment Plan Addendum for Transition Zone Assessment at the Madison County Mines Site Adobe pdf icon

 

News Release (Jan. 8, 2016): University Researchers and Agencies Release Draft Assessment Plan Addendum to Study Lead Effects on Songbirds: Study is part of Natural Resource Damage Assessment in Southeast Missouri

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced it is launching a study to assess the effects of lead exposure on songbirds breeding within the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District. The study is being led by researchers at Southeast Missouri State University, University of Missouri-Columbia and the U.S. Geological Survey.

 

The study is part of an ongoing Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration process conducted by co-trustees, including the Missouri Department of Natural Resources, the U.S. Forest Service and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act.  The co-trustees are making the Draft Songbird Assessment Plan available for public review and comment.

 

Continue News Release »

Study Plan: Effects of lead (Pb) exposure on songbirds breeding within the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District

 

 

Archive of Prior Announcements

 

Background

Mining and smelting sites within St. Francois, Reynolds, Jefferson and Iron Counties in Missouri are located within the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District, an area that was mined extensively for lead and zinc for more than a century.  As a result of this mining and related activities, large amounts of metals including cadmium, lead, zinc, and nickel were released and are continuing to be released into Missouri's environment.  Cadmium, lead, zinc, and other metals associated with mining are potentially toxic to a wide variety of plants and animals.

 

Map of the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District, which is the largest lead mining district in the entire world.

The Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District is the largest lead mining district in the entire world.
Map by USFWS

 

Trustees

Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, and implementing regulations, the Director of the Department of Natural Resources (Missouri DNR) and the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) are Trustees for natural resources in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District .  Natural resources over which Missouri DNR and DOI exercise trusteeship include surface waters (rivers, lakes, streams, etc.), ground water, soils, air, plants, and animals.  As Trustees, the State of Missouri and DOI serve as stewards for these resources within the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District and have the authority to assess whether the resources and their services have been injured as a result of release(s) of hazardous substances.  Injuries to natural resources can occur if the resources are exposed to concentrations of hazardous substances that are high enough to cause specific adverse effects.  For example, injuries can occur if lead and/or zinc concentrations in surface waters are so high that relevant water quality criteria are exceeded. Plants and animals are injured if they die, cannot reproduce normally, become sick or are otherwise negatively affected as defined under relevant laws and regulations. 

 

Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Process

The Federal Mine and Mill, Park Hills, MO

Historic mine and mill buildings at the Federal Mine and Mill #3, now a part of Missouri Mines State Historic Site.  Note the tailings dam in the background.

Photo by USFWS; John Weber (2008)

The process through which the Trustees evaluate injuries to natural resources associated with the release(s) of hazardous substances and determine appropriate compensation for those injuries is called natural resource damage assessment and restoration (NRDAR).  DOI promulgated and published NRDAR regulations in the Federal Register (43 CFR Part 11.).  These regulations provide procedures by which trustees can identify natural resource injuries, quantify those injuries, determine appropriate compensation (damages) for the injured resources and the services they provide, and restore those injured resources.  The NRDAR process includes a number of different steps, specifically:

 

1) Pre-assessment

 

2) Assessment planning

 

3) Assessment

 

4) Post-Assessment Planning and Implementation

 

The Buick Tailings Impoundment, Buick, MO

Lead (Pb) tailings impoundment in the Viburnum Trend mining district of southeast Missouri.

Photo by USFWS; John Weber (2008)

DOI and the State of Missouri have begun a NRDAR for portions of the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District.  In June 2008, the Trustees completed the pre-assessment phase for the Big River Mine Tailings Superfund Site and Surrounding Area in the St. Francois County portion of Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District and three sites within the Viburnum Trend portion of the Lead Mining District: Sweetwater Mine and Mill Complex, West Fork Mine and Mill Complex, and Glover Smelter, which culminated in two Preassessment Screens and Determinations (Missouri DNR and DOI 2008).  In the Preassessment Screens, in accordance with applicable regulations, the Trustees concluded that further investigation and assessment of natural resource injury and damages was warranted at the Sites described above. 43 C.F.R §§11.24 and 11.25.

 

In addition to this website, you can learn more about the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District NRDA by visiting the Missouri Department of Natural Resources at (leave this website):http://www.dnr.mo.gov/env/hwp/sfund/nrda.htm

 

Natural Resource Damage Assessment Contacts

Contacts

During the NRDAR process, the Trustees create a number of key documents which are released to the public for review and comment. Below are links to Trustee reports for the Southeast Missouri Natural Resource Damage Assessment.  If you have any questions concerning information found in any of these reports or any other comments related to the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District NRDA, contact us via email.

 

Dave Mosby, Case Manager, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 

Eric Gramlich, Case Manager, Missouri Department of Natural Resources

 

Restorations

Currently Funded Restoration Projects

Finding of No Significant Impact: Property Acquisitions and Supplemental Environmental Assessment (Jan. 7, 2016) 4-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Natural Resource Restoration: Property Acquisitions and Supplemental Assessment (Dec. 2015) 31-page PDFAdobe pdf icon

 

Buildings for Babies Foundation Property (Dec. 2015) 20-page PDFAdobe pdf icon

 

Frederick Creek Ranch Proposal (Dec. 2015) 18-page PDFAdobe pdf icon

 

Native Plant Diversity Restoration (Dec. 23, 2015) 15-page PDFAdobe pdf icon

 

Prier Tract 15-page PDFAdobe pdf icon

 

West Fork Black River Bottomland Restoration Project (Dec. 22, 2015) 13-page PDFAdobe pdf icon

 

Wilderness Connection and Watershed Protection for the East Fork of the Black River (Dec. 23, 2015) 27-page PDF

 

 

Previously Funded Restoration Projects

Hennessey Tract Acquisition, Missouri Natural Resource Trustee Proposal 11-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Environmental Action Statement Hennessey Tract 2-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Decision Memo SEMO RFP 1 8-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Environmental Action Statement for SEMO RFP1 2-page PDF (May 2015)

 

Implementing Agricultural Practices, Stream Restoration, and Land Protection in the Southeast Missouri Ozarks 20-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Soil and Water Conservation Program Response to SEMO RFP (Dec. 15, 2014) 32-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

SEMO Riparian Corridor RFP (Oct. 15, 2014) 8-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

 

Current Restoration Proposals

There are no current proposals at this time.

 

 

Prior Restoration Proposals

Public Meeting Presentation Natural Resource Restoration in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District: Property Acquisition and Supplemental Environmental Assessment (Sept. 2, 2015) 46-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

DRAFT Natural Resource Restoration in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District: Proposal for Property Acquisitions and Supplemental Environmental Assessment (Sept. 2, 2015) 12-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Proposed Native Plant Diversity Restoration: Non-Native Invasive Species Treatments and Planting on Mark Twain National Forest (Sept. 4, 2015) 9-Page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Proposed West Fork Black River Bottomland Restoration Project (Sept. 4, 2015) 6-Page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

 

Restoration Plans

Strategic Restoration Implementation Plan (April 2016) 1-Page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Southeast Missouri Ozarks Regional Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment (June 2014; errata April 25, 2016) 179-page PDFAdobe pdf icon; 3.6MB

The Federal Mine and Mill, Park Hills, MO

USGS ecologists and contractors conduct a Floristic Quality Assessment at the Sweetwater Tailings Impoundment.

Photo by USFWS; John Weber (2009)

 

Finding of No Significant Impact - Southeast Missouri Ozarks Regional Restoration Plan (June 11, 2014) PDF; 2 pages

 

 

Restoration Science

Phosphate Treatment of Lead-Contaminated Soil: Effects on Water Quality, Plant Uptake, and Lead Speciation July 10, 2015 (10-page PDF)

 

Environmental Implications of Phosphate-Based Amendments in Heavy Metal Contaminated Alluvial Soil November 6, 2014 (79-page PDF; 1MB)

 

Reports

Determination Reports

Mussel Community Associations with Sediment Metal Concentrations and Substrate Characteristics in the Big River, Missouri, U.S.A. November 2016 (82-page PDFAdobe pdf icon)

 

Quantitative Survey of Freshwater Mussels (Unionoidea) and Assessment of Sediment Contamination in the Big River, Missouri November 7, 2016 (69-page PDFAdobe pdf icon)

 

Viburnum Trend Lead Mining District Transition Zone Assessment Study Report August 2014 (88-page PDF; 2.8MB)

 

Associating Soil Lead with Adverse Effects on Songbirds in the Southeast Missouri Mining District July 28, 2014 (39-page PDF; 1.3MB)

 

Toxic Exposure of Songbirds to Lead in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District (08-06-13) 367KB PDFAdobe pdf icon

 

Effects of mining-associated lead and zinc soil contamination on native floristic quality by Struckhoff et al. Published (9-page PDF Adobe pdf icon)


Big River: Assessment of Mussels and Heavy Metals in Sediment (Roberts et al. 2009) (Final 12-09) 6.6 MB PDFAdobe pdf icon

 

Big River Borrow Pit Monitoring Project by Owens et al. 2012 (3MB PDF Adobe pdf icon; 82-pages)

 

Distribution, Geochemistry, and Storage of Mining Sediment in Channel and Floodplain Deposits of the Big River System in St. Francois, Washington, and Jefferson Counties, Missouri. Final Report (June 18, 2010) 4MB PDF; 141 pages

 

Effects of Metals on Crayfish in Big River, Missouri 2010 (Allert et al.)  Final (2010) 526KB PDFAdobe pdf icon

 

Effects of Lead-Zinc Mining on Benthic Fish Density in Riffles of the Big River (McKee et al.)  Final (2010) 1.4MB PDFAdobe pdf icon

 

Floristic Quality Assessment USGS Final Report (2009) 5.2MB PDFAdobe pdf icon

 

Sediment Toxicity Report (Besser et al. 2009)  USGS Final Report (2009) 1MB PDFAdobe pdf icon

 

Appendix A -- Sed Tox Report (Besser et al. 2009) (240KB PDFAdobe pdf icon)

 

Appendix B -- Sed Tox Report (Besser et al. 2009) (345KB PDFAdobe pdf icon)

 

 

Study Plans

Damages Assessment Plan Addendum for Transition Zone Assessment at the Madison County Mines Site Adobe pdf icon

 

Effects of lead (Pb) exposure on songbirds breeding within the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District Adobe pdf icon

 

Attachments

Songbird Banding Data Sheet Adobe pdf icon

Nest Box Data Form Adobe pdf icon

Nest Data Form Adobe pdf icon

Nest Vegetation Form Adobe pdf icon

ALAD Determination in Red Blood Cells: USGS Scope of Work Adobe pdf icon

 

Histology Scopes of Work

Embedding of processed tissues for histological staining Adobe pdf icon

Fite’s acid fast method Adobe pdf icon

Operation and maintenance of Sakura Tissue Adobe pdf icon

Staining of prepared formalin-fixed tissue slide Adobe pdf icon

Quality Control of Internally Derived Controls for Histochemical Staining Adobe pdf icon

Processing and paraffin infiltration of formalin-fixed tissue Adobe pdf icon

Sectioning of processed tissues for histological staining Adobe pdf icon

Preparation and trimming of necropsy tissues Adobe pdf icon

Acid-fast bacteria on prepared formalin-fixed tissue slide Adobe pdf icon

 

Madison County Mines Crayfish Sampling and Analysis Plan (June 2, 2015) 5MB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

Proposed Survey of Freshwater Mussels, Mussel Habitat, and Sediment Contamination on the Big River, Missouri (August 2013) 526KB PDFAdobe pdf icon; 6-pages

 

Spatial distribution, geochemistry, and storage of mining sediment in channel and floodplain deposits of streams draining the Viburnum Trend Mining District of Southeast Missouri (Aug. 16, 2012) 217KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon; 17-pages

 

Work Plan to Assist the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in identification of the depth of mine tailings contamination of streambed sediments in the Viburnum Trend mining district of southeastern Missouri (2012) 127KB PDF Adobe pdf icon; 12 pages

 

Sampling and Analysis Plan for the Viburnum Trend Lead Mining District Transition Zone Assessment Study (July 2012) 933KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon; 43-pages

 

2010 Viburnum Trend Water and Sediment Sampling - Hine's Emerald Dragonfly Survey 11-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Statement of Work: Channel Instability and Sediment Contamination Risk to Lower Big River Mussel Beds October 7, 2010 (168KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon; 12-pages)

 

Southeast Missouri Bird Exposure Study

USGS toxicologists collect a blood sample from a northern cardinal as a part of injury determination studies in southeast Missouri.

Photo by Missouri Department of Natural Resources; Hillary Wakefield (2009)

Big River Long Term Monitoring Methods (July 2010) 28KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

Study Plan for Crayfish (January 2009) 2.2MB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

Study Plan for Floristic Quality Index (January 2009) 92KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

Study Plan for Riffle Studies  (January 2009) 46KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

Study Plan for Bird Injury  (Spring 2009) 58KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon 

 

Map of potential bird collection sites (Spring 2009) 1.4 MB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

SOP for passerine capture  (Spring 2009) 192KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

SOP for collection ...blood ... small birds (Spring 2009) 460KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

SOP for removal of liver tissue  (Spring 2009) 250KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

Big River Mine Sediment Assessment Project (2008-2009) prepared Nov. 7, 2008 - - 14-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Study Plan for Sediment Metal Toxicity (September 2008) 53KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

Sediment and Mussel Sampling Plan (August 2008) 113KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

 

Assessment Plan

Final Madison County Damage Assessment Plan Addendum Adobe PDF Icon

 

Phase I final (January 2009) 2.2MB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

Response to comments on Phase I Assessment Plan January 2009 (506KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon)

 

Appendix A to Assessment Plan - Threatened and Endangered Species of SEMOLMD (15KB; PDF Adobe PDF Icon)

 

Appendix B to Assessment Plan - Migratory Birds of SEMOLMD (119KB; .xls)

 

Addendum to Final Phase I Damage Assessment Plan for Southeast Missoouri Lead Mining District: Bif River Mine Tailings Superfund Site (January 2010) 2-page PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Missouri Department of Conservation malacologists (biologists who study mussels) conduct a survey for the Assessment of Big River Mussel Populations and Heavy Metals in Sediments.

U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Missouri Department of Conservation malacologists (biologists who study mussels) conduct the Assessment of Big River Mussel Populations and Heavy Metals in Sediments.
Photo by USFWS; John Weber (2009)

 

Preassessment Screens:

Preassessment Screen and Determination; Madison County Mines Site, Madison County, Missouri (June 2014) 2.1MB PDF Adobe PDF Icon; 25 pages

 

Viburnum Trend (Fletcher et al.) Preassessment Screen (March 2009) 588KB PDFAdobe PDF Icon

 

Addendum to Preassessment Screen for Big River Mine Tailings Site (BRMT) (January 2009) 340KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

Viburnum Trend (Sweetwater et al.) Preassessment Screen (June 2008) 108KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon

 

Big River Mine Tailings Site Preassessment Screen (June 2008) 220KB PDF Adobe PDF Icon 

 


 

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Last updated: November 9, 2016