Lower Fox River/GreenBay
Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration
The Fox River Natural Resource Trustees have completed an Update to the Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment for the Lower Fox River/Green Bay Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA). The Restoration Plan Update will guide future NRDA restoration in the Lower Fox River/Green Bay restoration area, building upon the goals set forth in the 2003 Restoration Plan Update and Environmental Assessment.
The Trustees have also released a Restoration Progress Report, a compilation of all restoration projects implemented by the Trustees in the Lower Fox River/Green Bay area, through June 30, 2012.
For more about the Fox River Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration
The Lower Fox River, located in northeastern Wisconsin, begins at the Menasha and Neenah channels leading from Lake Winnebago and flows northeast for 39 miles where it discharges into Green Bay and Lake Michigan. Paper companies using polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) to make carbonless copy paper discharged nearly 700,000 pounds of these chemicals into the Fox River, between about 1954 and 1971. The dangers posed by PCBs were unknown until the early ´70s, but their use and discharge into the environment were outlawed by federal environmental regulations in 1976. The ban was successful, but because PCBs bind to dirt and break down very slowly, they are still found today in the sediment of the Lower Fox River and Green Bay.
A Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) of the Fox River and Green Bay identified companies that were historically responsible for the release of PCBs into the Fox River. Several of these companies have made agreements, through the NRDA process, to fund natural resource restoration projects in the Fox River Valley and surrounding areas. These projects include preserving habitat for wildlife, constructing environmental education centers and nature trails, and studying the feasibility of reintroducing wild rice in certain areas of the state.
If you have any questions concerning information found in any of these reports or any other comments related to the Fox River and Green Bay NRDA, contact us by email or telephone:
News and Activities
Fox River Current: a periodic newsletter on the remediation and restoration of the Lower Fox River and Green Bay, Wisconsin, by U.S. EPA on behalf of the intergovernmental parties.
Fox River Natural Resource Restoration Information
Indices of Documents Received or Produced and Publically Available in the Reading Room
These documents are available as paper copies only. Contact Green Bay Field Office for access.
Natural Resource Damage Assessment Reports