Ecological Services
Midwest Region


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Ecological Services Program in the Upper Midwest


Great Lakes Restoration Initiative funds

help acquire Door County natural area

GLRI funding helped TNC purchase boreal forest habitat in Door County, Wisconsin.

Photo courtesy of Kari Hagenow/The Nature Conservancy


A recent purchase by The Nature Conservancy will protect nearly 400 acres of coastal boreal forest in Door County, Wisconsin. The acquisition, funded in part by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, is in an area surrounded by the Baileys Harbor Boreal Forest and Wetlands State Natural Area. Once the land is designated as a state natural area, it will almost double the size of this unique and diverse natural area. The acquisition also improves public access to the state natural area by connecting once-isolated parcels of land.


This parcel of land and the state natural area are within the Door Peninsula Coastal Wetlands Ramsar site, a globally important wetland. Influenced by its location on Lake Michigan and the resulting local climate, Baileys Harbor Boreal Forest and Wetlands is a landscape where northern plants, animals and forests can thrive far south of where they are normally found. 


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A River Righted


Ceresco Green Park

On July 25, 2010, Enbridge's Lakehead pipeline ruptured near the city of Marshall in southern Michigan and released toxic crude oil into a nearby wetland. More than 840,000 gallons of oil flowed down Talmadge Creek through 38 miles of the Kalamazoo River. This section of the Kalamazoo had to be closed to the public for the remainder of 2010 and all of 2011. Parts of the Kalamazoo River were eventually re-opened for recreational use in select areas in 2012, but were closed again in other areas for additional dredging to remove oiled sediments in 2013 and 2014. The people and communities close to the river, such as Battle Creek and Marshall, lost significant recreational opportunities due to the oil spill.


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Story Map: River of Recent Return


New Tech for Counting Wintering Monarchs


Clusters of overwintering butterflies in California.

North American monarch butterflies undertake an annual migration phenomenon that results in densely clustered overwintering colonies at sites in California and Mexico. Numbers of overwintering monarchs can reach up to tens of thousands of monarchs per site in California to tens of millions of monarchs per site in Mexico. Overwintering population estimates are the primary means for monitoring the North American monarch population—information that is increasingly important given long-term population declines observed since monitoring began in the early 1990s. With thousands or millions of monarchs clustered on a few trees, precise estimates of their population can be difficult.


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Light it up? In-situ burning as a possible tactic for oil spills in the Great Lakes

Bridge of Machinac

Is it better to clean up an oil spill using traditional methods of deploying booms and skimming the surface? Or is burning the oil in place the way to go? This summer, Lisa Williams from the Michigan Ecological Service Field Office took part in EPA’s Regional Response Team site-specific in-situ burn workshop in Mackinaw City, Mich. The goal of the meeting was to discuss the feasibility of using in-place burning as an oil spill response technique in the Great Lakes region, specifically the Straits of Mackinac.


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Shauna Marquardt recognized for protection of Sodalis Nature Preserve

Shauna Marquardt

On April 30, 2017, Shauna Marquardt of the Missouri Ecological Services Field Office, was awarded the Missouri Speleological Survey's Tex Yokum Certificate of Appreciation. The certificate is given as a way to express gratitude to recipients for their support of the Survey’s goals, which include recording and conserving the caves of Missouri.


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About Indiana Bats »



Correctional facilities join the fight to save the monarch butterfly

Monarch caterpillar

The Ohio Pollinator Habitat Initiative is working to engage all Ohioans with monarch conservation, including nontraditional conservation partners. One such partner has answered the call to save the monarch - the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction. Saving the monarch butterfly is a nontraditional conservation challenge. Eastern monarch butterfly populations have declined by 80% in the past 20 years and it will take a landscape level response to save them.


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Gross Fun at Earth Day Columbia




Earth Day Event

As biologists at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, we often are called upon to do some pretty gross things in the line of duty. I'd like to think the public admires us for these services, but frankly, I bet they think we're pretty odd.


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Ecological Services' Region 3 Mission Statement and Goals


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We have Ecological Services Field Offices in each of the eight upper Midwest States. For project reviews, Section 7 consultation, or information about endangered species that you do not find on this site, please contact the Field Office in your state.



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Last updated: February 5, 2018