Endangered Species
Midwest Region



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Running Buffalo Clover (Trifolium stoloniferum)

Running Buffalo Clover

Photo by USFWS; Sarena Selbo


Status: Endangered, listed June 5, 1987


Habitat: Disturbed bottomland meadows; disturbed sites that have shade during part of each day


Lead Region: 3


Region 3 Lead Office: Ohio Field Office


Range: Arkansas, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio, West Virginia


Status: Endangered


Running buffalo clover is a perennial plant with leaves divided into 3 leaflets. It is called running buffalo clover because of the stolons, or runners, that extend from the base of erect stems; these stolons are capable of rooting at the nodes to reproduce vegetatively. Flower heads are about 1 inch wide, white, and grow on stems that are 2 to 8 inches long. Each flower head has 2 large opposite leaves below it on the flowering stem. In Ohio, running buffalo clover flowers in May.


Natural History, Ecology, and Regulatory Information

Species Profile linked to National USFWS website

Fact sheet

Lead Field Office Site - USFWS Columbus Ohio Field Office



Running Buffalo Clover 5-Year Review (May 2011) 26-page PDF


Running Buffalo Clover 5-Year Review (September 2008) 18-page PDF


Running Buffalo Clover Revised Recovery Plan (June 2007) PDF


Partner's for Running Buffalo Clover Recovery (an article)


Section 7 Consultation and Management

Management Recommendations for Running Buffalo Clover in Ohio


Listed Plants

Midwest Endangered Species Home


Last updated: June 1, 2015