Endangered Species
Midwest Region

 

 

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Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid

Platanthera leucophaea

 

Photo by USFWS

 

Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid

 

Status: Threatened, listed September 28, 1989

 

Habitat: Mesic to wet prairies and meadows

 

Project Reviews and Section 7 for Chicago Metro Area: Guidance - how to determine if the eastern prairie fringed orchid is present

 

Lead Region: 3

 

Region 3 Lead Office: Chicago, Illinois Field Office

 

Range: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, Virginia, Wisconsin

 

 

Photos on Flickr

 

Video of Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid Pollen Collection

The eastern prairie fringed orchid is protected under the Endangered Species Act as a threatened species. It grows in a wide variety of habitats, from mesic prairie to wetlands such as sedge meadows, marsh edges, even bogs. This orchid is a perennial plant that grows from an underground tuber. Flowering begins from late June to early July, and lasts for 7 to 10 days. Blossoms often rise just above the height of the surrounding grasses and sedges.

 

The eastern prairie fringed orchid has a a single upright, leafy stem with a vertical flower cluster (flower spike). The flower spike has 5 to 40 creamy white flowers and each flower has a three-part fringed lip.

 

In the News

Elusive Orchid Feb. 1, 2016

 

24-Year High! Oct. 29, 2015

 

Genetic clues to guide restoration Aug. 13, 2015

 

Mayflies, Management, and Orchids June 23, 2015

 

Road to recovery takes a new turn August 2014

 

Hackmatack Refuge Youth Crew Search July 2014

 

Finding the Needle May 5, 2014

 

Uihlein Marsh Restoration November 18, 2013

 

Seed Capsule Distribution September 9, 2013

 

Partnership Restores Habitat July 2013

 

Natural History, Ecology and Regulatory Information

Fact sheet

 

Species Profile linked to National USFWS website


USFWS Chicago Field Office's Species Spotlight

 

Abstract: Michigan Natural Features Inventory - 3-page PDF

 

Sex and the Prairie - Chicago Wilderness Magazine

 

Sphinx Moths: Bird and Bee Impersonators - Chicago Wilderness Magazine

 

Project Review and Section 7 Guidance For Chicago Metro Area

How to Determine Presence

 

Recovery

Manage Habitat for Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid November 29, 2012

 

Ballad of the Hairy-fruited Sedge (update on Eastern prairie-fringed orchid populations in Missouri): March 29, 2011

 

Five-Year Review: 33-page PDF; 734KB (August 16, 2010)

 

Section 6 Grant Project (2006): Determination of the status of Piping Plovers, Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid, Prairie Bush Clover, Fassett's Locoweed, and implement recovery management for Karner Blue Butterfly and Fassett's Locoweed (Wisconsin)

 

2006 Recovery Land Acquisition Grant: Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid in Wisconsin (Rock County, WI)

 

Recovering a Prairie Orchid 2-page PDF (2003 Endangered Species Technical Bulletin)

 

Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid Recovery Plan (1999) (pdf file 868KB; 63 pages)

 


Listed Plants

Midwest Endangered Species Home

 

Last updated: June 13, 2016