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Hine’s Emerald Dragonfly

Revised Critical Habitat Designation - Questions and Answers

PDF Version


Hine's emerald dragonfly.  Photo by Paul Burton

Photo by Paul Burton


What action is the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service taking?

We are revising the Hine’s emerald dragonfly critical habitat designation by adding an additional 13,311 acres to the 13,221 acres of critical habitat originally designated in 2007, under the authority of the Endangered Species Act.  The revision will bring the total acreage of designated critical habitat to 26, 532 acres with 2,995 acres in Illinois, 14,348 acres in Michigan, 348 acres in Missouri, and 8,841 acres in Wisconsin.  These are lands of wet meadows, groundwater seeps, and associated wetlands that lie over dolomite bedrock and provide breeding and foraging habitat for the dragonfly.


We excluded 959 acres of state and privately owned lands in Missouri from the final critical habitat designation because land managers are already working to conserve the species on those lands.


The revised critical habitat designation for the Hine’s emerald dragonfly is published as a Final Rule in the Federal Register.


What changes did the Service make to the 2007 final critical habitat designation?

In the original 2007 critical habitat designation, we excluded two units in Michigan and 12 units in Missouri that are owned or managed by the Forest Service.  We are now adding those 14 units back into the area designated as critical habitat.  We are also including a unit on the Mark Twain National Forest that was not known to be occupied by the Hine’s emerald dragonfly at the time of the 2007 final rule, but has since been discovered.  The inclusion of the two units in Michigan and 13 units in Missouri increases the area designated as critical habitat from at total of 13,221 acres to a total of 26,532 acres. 

The areas designated as critical habitat in Illinois and Wisconsin, are unchanged and remain the same as the 2007 designation.


Why did the Service revise the Hine’s emerald dragonfly critical habitat designation?

On March 10, 2008, six parties filed a complaint challenging the exclusion of Forest Service lands in Michigan and Missouri from the 2007 final designation of critical habitat for the dragonfly.  The Service reached a settlement agreement with the plaintiffs in which we agreed to reconsider the federal land exclusions. 


Why did the Service originally exclude National Forest lands from the critical habitat designation?

We believed that the benefits of excluding those specific areas from the designation outweighed the benefits of including them.  It was our belief that the conservation actions planned and carried out for the Hine’s emerald dragonfly on Hiawatha National Forest in Michigan and Mark Twain National Forest in Missouri provided greater conservation benefit than designating those areas as critical habitat.  Detailed information on our reasons for originally excluding those areas is available in the Sept 5, 2007 Federal Register Notice: Designation of Critical Habitat for the Hine’s Emerald Dragonfly – pages 51125 and 51126.  A link to that document can be found online at <http://www.fws.gov/midwest/endangered/insects/hed/index.html>.


Where can I learn more about the Hine’s emerald dragonfly and its critical habitat?

Information is online at http://www.fws.gov/midwest/endangered/insects/hed/ or you may contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Chicago Field Office at:

Field Supervisor
Chicago Illinois Ecological Services Fish and Wildlife Office
1250 S. Grove, Suite 103
Barrington, Illinois 60010

Telephone: (847) 381-2253
FAX: (847) 381-2285.


If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD), call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 800-877-8339.


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Last updated: July 19, 2016