- Midwest Eagles
- Midwest Eagle Home
- Natural History
- Activities Near Nests
- Population and Nest Data
- Eagle Viewing
- History of Decline and Recovery
- Eagle Feather - Can I keep it?
USFWS Offices and Refuges Near You
The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin. Find a location near you »
Conserving the Nature of America
The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.
Bald and Golden Eagle Natural History
Bald Eagle Natural History
Bald and Golden Eagles have fascinated humans for centuries. Their recovery from the brink of extinction is an American success story. Discover more about eagle natural history, feather and nest identification, and conservation measures you can take to help protect these magnificent American icons.
A few facts
The Bald Eagle is truly an all-American bird; it is the only eagle unique to North America.
Nests are sometimes used year after year and can weigh as much as 4,000 pounds
Bald Eagles may live 30 years in the wild (even longer in captivity)
Bald Eagles pair for life, but if one dies, the survivor will accept a new mate.
In hot climates, like Louisiana and Florida, Bald Eagles nest during winter
Bald eagles get their distinctive white head and tail only after they reach maturity at 4 to 5 years of age.
Biology and Natural History National Eagle Center
ID Tips: Is That Golden Eagle Actually a Bald Eagle? Audubon Society
Golden Eagle Pointers PDF; National Eagle Center
Bald Eagle Plumage by Age Feathered Photography Blog Post
Eagle Feathers - Who can keep them?
Eagle Feather Identification PDF; US Fish and Wildlife Forensics Laboratory, Feather Atlas
Nest Identification: Picture guide to eagle nests and other large nests you may encounter.
Sensitivity to Human Activities - How to Avoid Disturbing Eagles
Eagle Roosting Areas
More information on eagle roosts can be found in the National Bald Eagle Management Guidelines.
A compilation of the most current research on the population status, demographics, and trends of bald and golden eagles. The report estimates population sizes, productivity, survival rates, and sustainable take; cumulative effects to local area populations; and effects of unauthorized take of golden eagles. This report serves as the biological basis for the Service’s regulatory management framework.
The recovery plan, prepared in 1983, includes a nice summary of bald eagle life history.
The proposed rule includes a description of bald eagle life history that summarizes information from all five recovery plans.