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Our Species


The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service works towards the restoration of depleted anadromous fish stocks. In cooperation the Makah Indian Nation, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, National Marine Fisheries Service, and the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission, the following objectives have been established:


  • -- Restore salmon stocks on the north Pacific Coast to levels that will meet escapement objectives after harvest;
  • -- Maintain Steelhead stocks in all North Coast watersheds to levels that will support sport and commercial harvests commensurate with historical harvest levels;
  • -- Maintain all salmon in the North Coast that are managed for natural production at current levels while meeting escapement goals.

At the Makah NFH, Chinook, Coho, and winter-run steelhead are all released into the Tsoo-Yess River. These species provide important commercial and subsistence fisheries to tribal members and offer quality sport fishing opportunities available to the general public in salt water and on the Tsoo-Yess River (see state and tribal regulations respectively).


At peak production, the hatchery has over 3 million fish on station!

  • Coho Salmon

    coho salmon

    (Oncorhynchus kisutch) The number of adults that return to the hatchery varies from year to year and range from a few hundred to over 10,000. Returning adults are 2 (jacks) and 3 year old fish. The first year of their life is spent in fresh water in hatchery ponds. Fry emerge from incubators in February and are cared for until the following year. Yearling Coho smolt (ocean ready juveniles) are released from the hatchery in April. Adults begin their migration back to the hatchery as early as September of each year. Annually, the hatchery releases around 240,000 Coho salmon.

  • winter-run steelhead trout

    steelhead trout

    (O. mykiss) The Makah NFH also raises and releases180,000 winter-run Steelhead trout for the Makah Indian Nation. These fish provide important commercial and subsistence fisheries to tribal members. Yearling steelhead smolt (ocean ready juveniles) are released directly from the rearing ponds into the Tsoo-Yess River. Adult Steelhead trout begin returning to the hatchery in November and continue to return until January.

  • Chinook Salmon

    chum salmon

    (O. tshawytscha) The Makah NFH raises and releases 2.2 million fall Chinook salmon annually. Adult fall Chinook return to the Tsoo-Yess River in late August and spawning at the hatchery typically takes place between late September and late October. After about 7 months at the hatchery, the fall Chinook smolts (ocean ready juveniles) are released into the Tsoo-Yess River to begin their short migration out to salt water.

Last Updated: October 9, 2014
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