Office of Law Enforcement
Protecting Wildlife and Plant Resources
Injurious Wildlife

The Office of Law Enforcement is responsible for enforcing the injurious wildlife provisions of the Lacey Act. This law authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to list as “injurious” any wildlife deemed to be harmful “to human beings, to the interests of agriculture, horticulture, forestry, or to wildlife or the wildlife resources of the United States.” It prohibits import of any live specimen of a listed species without a permit from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The maximum penalty for violating the injurious wildlife provisions of the Lacey Act is six months in prison and fines as high as $5,000 for individuals or $10,000 for organizations.

What's New:

11 Freshwater Species (10 Fish and 1 Crayfish) Listing
Public Bulletin
50 CFR 16.13 Injurious Fish, Mollusks and Crustaceans
Factsheet (coming soon)
Final Rule

Salamander (Bsal) Listing:

200 Species of Salamanders Listed as Injurious (Effective January 28, 2016)
Public Bulletin
50 CFR 16.14 Injurious Amphibians
Information for Salamander Exporters
Final Rule

Constrictor Snake Injurious Listing:

Listing of Large non-native snakes as Injurious Expanded (Effective April 9, 2015)
Frequently Asked Questions
Public Bulletin
50 CFR 16.15 Injurious Reptiles
Information for Large Constrictor Snake Exporters
Information for Snake Owners
Final Rule

Learn More about Injurious Wildlife:

Current List of Injurious Wildlife
Lacey Act
50 CFR 16 Injurious Wildlife
Enforcement Overview
Injurious Wildlife Permit Application
Fisheries and Aquatic Resource Program


Last updated: March 10, 2020