Field Notes
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Field Notes Entry   
Dragonflies to Arrive at Genoa National Fish Hatchery in 2015
Midwest Region, February 23, 2015
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The Hine's emerald dragonfly was placed on the Federal Endangered Species list in 1995. The primary reason for the species' decline was loss of habitat due to urban development. The historic range for the dragonfly includes Alabama, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Missouri, Michigan and Wisconsin, but  the insect has already disappeared from Alabama, Ohio and Indiana. Habitat restoration efforts are underway in several locations and with culture methods being developed to breed more dragonflies, there is great hope for the species to become re-established in its historic ranges. 

Genoa National Fish Hatchery, situated on the Mississippi River in Wisconsin, is home to natural wetlands that are ideal habitat for Hine's emerald dragonflies. Inspired to take action, in the fall of 2013 hatchery staff began working with the Univsersity of South Dakota and the Chicago Ecological Services Office on a proposal for the Cooperative Recovery Initiative. This initiative provides funding for projects working with threatened or endangered species on or near refuge lands.

The fish hatchery founds itself  in a unique situation. Being located within the Upper Mississippi National Wildlife and Fish Refuge it found that it was elligible to apply for Cooperative Recovery Initiative funding. A proposal was submitted in 2013, requesting funding for a mobile rearing unit, cage construction and additional staff for the hatchery to begin culturing the Hine's emerald dragonfly, as well as funding for a coordinator position at the Chicago ES Office and for USD to perform collection efforts and genetic sampling. The proposal made it to the final steps of the process, but ultimately other projects were selected for 2014 funding.

The hatchery, the Chicago office and USD worked on the proposal again in the fall of 2014 and submitted a revised proposal. In early February of 2015 the group received word that the proposal was selected and work will begin in the spring or summer of 2015!

Stay tuned for updates on the construction of the trailer and cages and for the arrival of the Hine's emerald dragonfly larvae at Genoa National Fish Hatchery.

Contact Info: Angela Baran, 608-689-2605, Angela_Baran@fws.gov
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