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US Fish & Wildlife Service FieldNotes

Long Lake Wetland Project: Restoring Northern Pike Spawning Habitat

Region 3, September 29, 2011
Photo of the completed project with view of the channel entering into Long Lake.
Photo of the completed project with view of the channel entering into Long Lake. - Photo Credit: n/a

Long Lake is a 120-acre lake located in Manitowoc County, Wis. The Lake is inhabited by several species of sport fish and provides a significant opportunity for public fishing. Over the past several years, a decline in the number of northern pike inhabiting the lake has been observed. A possible cause of this decline is the lack of spawning habitat available to the pike.

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) recently partnered with the Long Lake Association to create additional pike spawning habitat on property owned by the Manitowoc County Fish and Game. The project involved the excavation of one to two feet of material from an area of degraded wetland located adjacent to Long Lake. This effort resulted in the creation of a half acre spawning basin, connected to Long Lake and an inlet stream with 450 feet of channel, providing an additional half acre of spawning habitat.

The site was seeded with a mix of native wetland vegetation designed to provide substrate for egg laying and cover for newly hatched fish. Long-term outcomes of the project will not only benefit northern pike, but also a variety of other fish and wildlife species such as amphibians, reptiles, shorebirds and waterfowl. The project was designed, implemented and partially funded by the USFWS through the Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program. Additional partners in this project included the Long Lake Association, Manitowoc County Fish and Game Club, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and other conservation organizations.

Contact Info: John Riens, 320-253-4682, John_Riens@fws.gov