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Foreign Species | Parrots
Scarlet macaw (Ara macao)
Service Revises Proposal to List the Scarlet Macaw under the Endangered Species Act, Reopens Comment Period
On July 6, 2012, the Service proposed to list the northern subspecies of scarlet macaw (Ara macao cyanoptera) and the northern population of the southern subspecies (A. m. macao) as endangered under the ESA. Based on the Service’s review and new information received during the public comment period, the agency is proposing several substantive changes, including adding a proposal to list the southern population of A. m. macaoand hybrids of the two subspecies as threatened due to a similarity of appearance. With these revisions, the proposed rule now covers all known wild populations of scarlet macaw. The Service is also proposing a rule under section 4(d) of the ESA to allow certain activities for captive-bred scarlet macaws listed as threatened without a permit.
Red-crowned parrot (Amazona viridigenalis)
On October 6, 2011, the Service published a 12-month finding noting that listing the red-crowned parrot as endangered or threatened is warranted, precluded by higher priority actions. On December 24, 2015, the species was reviewed in the annual Candidate Notice of Review. The species is nomadic during the winter (nonbreeding) season when large flocks range widely to forage, moving tens of kilometers during a single flight in Mexico. As of 2004, half of the native population is believed to be found in the United States. They are listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and are classified by the IUCN as endangered.
Turquoise parakeet (Neophema pulchella)
Service Seeks Comments on a Proposal to Remove Two Australian Parakeets from the Endangered Species List
Great green macaw (Ara ambiguous)
The Service listed the great green macaw as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. The great green macaw has small populations in Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The total population of the great green macaw is likely between 1,000 and 3,000 individuals, and is in decline. The great green macaw is highly dependant on the almendro tree (tropical almond tree), which is listed on Appendix III of CITES in Costa Rica and Nicaragua.
Military macaw (Ara militaris)
The Service listed the military macaw as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. The range of the military macaw extends from northern Mexico southward into Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, and the southern tip of Argentina. The Service carefully assessed the best available scientific and commercial information regarding the past, present and future threats faced by this species. These species face significant threats particularly due to habitat loss and encroachment. There are threats due to habitat loss, overutilization, and inadequate regulatory mechanisms. Although it has a large distribution, its population, ranging from 6,000 to 13,000 adults, is highly fragmented into small localized groups ranging from a few pairs to approximately 100 individuals.
White cockatoo (Cacatua alba)
The white cockatoo is also known as the umbrella cockatoo, and is found in Indonesia. There are an estimated 8,000-48,000 left in the wild, and poaching for the pet trade is the most significant threat to the species. On June 24, 2014, the Service announced that the species will be listed the white cockatoo as a threatened species, with a special rule. The special rule allows import, export and interstate commerce of certain white cockatoos without an Endangered Species Act permit, provided the provisions of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and the Wild Bird Conservation Act are met. This listing will go into effect on July 24, 2014.
Blue-throated macaw received ESA protection
The blue-throated macaw, found only in a small area of Bolivia, was listed as an endangered species under the Endangered Species Act. There are estimated to be fewer than 500 individuals remaining in the wild, and its population continues to decrease despite intense conservation efforts. The primary threat to the species is lack of reproductive success (loss of nestlings) due to nest failure, which primarily is caused by competition for nest sites and predation by larger avian species, in addition to diminished availability of suitable habitat. This listing will go into effect on November 4, 2013.
Yellow-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea)
There are estimated to be less than 6,000 yellow-crested cockatoos left in Indonesia and Timor-Leste. Despite current conservation measures in place in Indonesia, this species faces severe threats, and the population trend for this species continues to decline. On June 24, 2014, the Service published a rule listing the bird as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. This listing will go into effect on July 24, 2014.
For all the details, download the Branch of Foreign Species fact sheet.
Get answers to frequently asked questions.
View the complete list of foreign species listed as endangered or threatened under the ESA.
Learn more about the listing process.
Read a public advisory on submitting petitions under the ESA.
Learn more about international activities by visiting the International Affairs Program website.
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For more information about federal wildlife laws, visit the Office of Law Enforcement website.
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