Carlsbad Fish & Wildlife Office
Pacific Southwest Region

Candidate Conservation


Candidate Conservation graphic

The Candidate Conservation Process

The Candidate Conservation Program uniquely bridges the non-regulatory and regulatory approaches to species conservation. Two key elements:

  • Conducting assessments to identify species most in need of the ESA's protection and the activities that threaten them; and
  • Working through partnerships to conserve these species by improving habitat and removing threats.

Species Assessments
We identify candidates for listing and provide conservation recommendations that can remove or reduce threats so that listing becomes


This process:

  • Emphasizes coordination with States and other partners to obtain the best available information on species status and recommendations for conservation; and
  • Provides the foundation for planning and implementing voluntary conservation efforts that are most likely to be effective in improving the status of the species.

Cooperative Conservation
Through a broad suite of public and private partners, we provide technical assistance and leverage funding for conservation of candidate and other at-risk species. Our program:

  • Provides information to guide strategic approaches to ensure voluntary efforts occur where they are most needed and most likely to be effective in making listing unnecessary;
  • Facilitates development and implementation of Candidate Conservation Agreements and Candidate Conservation Agreements with Assurances; and
  • Leverages resources by facilitating funding for landowners to engage in voluntary conservation (e.g. through various FWS grants and agreements, Farm Bill programs, DOD programs).

On Dec. 27, 2016, the FWS issued a Revised Candidate Conservation Agreements
With Assurances Policy

For more information, visit our Endangered Species webpage


Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office Candidate Conservation Agreements

2013 Candidate Conservation Agreement - Phacelia stellaris [Brand's phacelia] 3.74MB


Multi-District Litigation Settlement and Candidate Species

The Service reached a comprehensive agreement with Wild Earth Guardians in 2011. In accordance with the terms of this agreement, for all 251 species that were designated as “candidates” in the 2010 Candidate Notice Of Review, the Service will submit to the Federal Register for publication either a Proposed Rule or a not warranted finding for these species no later than September 30, 2016.

Settlement agreement with Wild Earth Guardians


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Our contact mailing address:

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

2177 Salk Avenue, Suite 250

Carlsbad, CA  92008

Phone:  (760) 431-9440

Fax:  (760) 431- 9624


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